Federal Negarit Gazeta is the official federal government law Gazette for the publication of all Federal laws.
According to 2.1. it is published under the Umbrella of the House of Peoples’ Representatives. Under the Umbrella? I am not sure what this means. The proclamation is silent as to the specific roles of the House of Peoples’ Representatives, from the time of approval of the bill in the house to printing and distribution. Who determines the price, for instance? Currently, Negarit Gazetta is sold only in Addis Ababa (by Berhanena Selam Printing Press.) And remember! in most of the cases a law adopted by parliament becomes effective and binding upon “its publication in the Negarit Gazetta” not on the first day it is officially sold and distributed to the public.
Berhanena Selam Printing Press does not make any official statement regarding the exact date the negarit gazetta will be made accessible to the public. The public will be able to know that a law has been published and become legally effective as far as there is an ‘official release.’
In the absence of such official statement, what you have to do is this: keep going to the printing press and politely ask whether “the new law is out!”? Do this every day until you become lucky. Personally, that is the strategy I use to stay updated. In this way, I think I will be the first one to get the published text of the much-talked about Urban Lease Proclamation. One minor obstacle is that I don’t live in Addis.
Still that might not be a serious problem to my great endeavor of knowing the law. At least within a difference of one week, it is not difficult for me to get some one going to Addiss. So I depend on ‘good guys’! and everyone is cooperative.
Given these typical inconveniences on a typical citizen, the law of “Ignorance of Law” should be a little bit amended in this manner.
- Ignorance of Law is not an Excuse if You are living in Addis
- Ignorance of Law is may be an Excuse if You are living outside Addis
Lon Fuller in his book the Morality of law, describes the justification why laws should be easily made accessible to the public.
” Even if only one man in a hundred takes the pains to inform himself concerning, say, the laws applicable to the practice of his calling, this is enough to justify the trouble taken to make the laws generally available“
Here follows the text of the THE FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETA Establishment Proclamation No.3/1995.
PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR THE ESTABLISHMENT
OF THE FEDERAL NEGARIT GAZETA
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to establish the Federal Negarit Gazeta;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance with Article 55(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows:
1. Short Title
This Proclamation may be cited as the “Federal Negarit Gazeta Establishment Proclamation No.3/1995″
2. Establishment of the Federal Negarit Gazeta
- The Federal Negarit Gazeta, a Federal Law Gazette published under the Umbrella of the House of Peoples’ Representatives, is hereby established.
- All Laws of the Federal Government shall be published in the Federal Negarit Gazeta.
- All Federal or Regional legislative, executive and judicial organs as well as any natural or juridical person shall take judicial notice of Laws published in the Federal Negarit Gazeta..
- The Federal Negarit Gazeta shall be published in both the Amharic and English languages; in case of discrepancy between the two versions the Amharic shall prevail.
The Establishment of the Negarit Gazeta Proclamation No.1/1942 is hereby repealed.
4. Effective Date
This Proclamation shall enter into force as of the 22nd day of August, 1995. Done at Addis Ababa, this 22nd day of August, 1995
NEGASSO GIDADA (DR.)
PRESIDENT OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC
REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA