Ethiopian Legal Brief ( 2014 in review


Just like last year 2014 was again a wonderful blogging year.

On January 18/2015 will celebrate its 4th year.

Here is a brief summary of by the numbers

  • 2,339,742 hits (views)
  • 720, 318 unique visitors

Total Views by year

  • 2011—–94,269
  • 2012—–467,532
  • 2013——768,043
  • 2014——- 1,010,205

Thanks to those of you who:

  • Visited and revisited my blog
  • Sent me encouragement through contact me page
  • Subscribed to my blog
  • Commented on posts and pages
  • Liked and shared my posts

Special Thanks to:

1-Alem Taye (from US) for solving one of the critical problems of my blog.

Alem Taye upgraded the available space of the blog from 5 Gb to 25 Gb continiously for the last three years.Thanks a lot

2- Dr. Richard J.Wentzell Dean of Hararamaya University, College of Law for renewing my domain

Here is the 2014 annual summary report for

The stats helper monkeys prepared a 2014 annual report for this blog.

Here’s an excerpt:

The Louvre Museum has 8.5 million visitors per year. This blog was viewed about 1,000,000 times in 2014. If it were an exhibit at the Louvre Museum, it would take about 43 days for that many people to see it.

Click here to see the complete report.

በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ–የሰበር ውሳኔዎች ዳሰሳ

በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ–የሰበር ውሳኔዎች ዳሰሳ
1. መግቢያ

በአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ግንኙነት ዋነኛ ከሚባሉት የአሰሪ ግዴታዎች ውስጥ አንዱ ከስራው ጋር በተያያዘ የሰራተኛውን ደህንነትና ጤንነት ለመጠበቅና ከአደጋ ለመከላከል የሚያስፈልጉትን እርምጃዎች ሁሉ መውሰድ ይገኝበታል፡፡ ግዴታው በአዋጁ አንቀጽ 12(4) ላይ በጥቅሉ የተቀመጠ ሲሆን በአንቀጽ 92 ላይ ደግሞ ግዴታዎቹ በዝርዝር ተቀምጠው ይገኛሉ፡፡ በእርግጥ ከሙያ ደህንነት፤ ጤንነትና የስራ አካባቢ ጋር በተያያዘ ግዴታ የተጣለው በአሰሪው ላይ ብቻ ሳይሆን በሰራተኛውም ላይ ጭምር ነው፡፡ (አዋጅ ቁ. 377/96 አንቀጽ 13(4) (5) እና አንቀጽ 93)
ሰራተኛው ሆነ አሰሪው በህግ የተጣለባቸውን ግዴታ ቢወጡም ያልተጠበቀ አደጋ መድረሱ አይቀሬ ነው፡፡ በስራ ላይ በሚደርስ አደጋ ሰራተኛው ጉዳት ሲደርስበት የአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ህጉ ጉዳት የደረሰበት ሰራተኛ እንደ ጉዳቱ መጠን እንዲካስ ከሞተም በስሩ የነበሩ ጥገኞች ክፍያ እንዲከፈላቸው በአሰሪው ላይ ግዴታ ይጥላል፡፡
ህጉ በፍርድ ቤቶች ተፈጻሚ ሲደረግ በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋ ትርጉምና የተፈጻሚነቱ ወሰን፤ የአሰሪው ኃላፊነት፤ የአካል ጉዳት ምንነትና መጠን፤ የጉዳት መጠን ደረጃ እና የካሳ ስሌት በተመለከተ የህግ ትርጉም የሚሹ ጥያቄዎች ይነሳሉ፡፡ ይህ ዳሰሳም የሰበር ችሎት በስራ ላይ የሚደርስ አደጋን በተመለከተ በምን መልኩ የህግ ትርጉም እንደሰጠ የሚቃኝ ይሆናል፡፡ Continue reading →

Legislations update (August-September 2014)

Here are some of the proclamation and regulations enacted during the month of August and September 2014.

Remember you can receive this and other up to date legislation through your email by becoming a member. Click HERE to get further information and details about registration.


Proclamation No. 839-2014 Classification of Cultural Heritage into National Regional Cultural Heritages Proclamation   DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 861-2014 Higher Education (Amendment) Proclamation DOWNLOAD


Regulation No. 310-2014 Ethiopian Toll Roads Enterprise establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 312-2014 Investment Incentives and Investment Areas Reserved for Domestic Investors Council of Ministers (Amendment) Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 313-2014 Ethiopian Investment Board and the Ethiopian Investment Commission Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 315-2014 Adama Science and Technology University Establishment Council of Ministers (Amendment) Regulation  DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 316-2014 Ethiopian Water Works Construction Enterprise Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Ethiopian maid leaps to her death in south Lebanon | News , Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR

Ethiopian maid leaps to her death in south Lebanon | News , Lebanon News | THE DAILY STAR.

BEIRUT: An Ethiopian maid was killed Monday after jumping off the balcony of her employer’s house in south Lebanon in an apparent suicide, media reports said.

A graphic image showing the picture of the young woman was circulated on social media in the aftermath of the alleged suicide in the southern village of Zrarieh.

The circumstances of the maid’s death were vague. Future TV said woman was 20 years old, and that she jumped from the second floor of the building.

Numerous local and international organizations have established projects to try to protect migrant workers in Lebanon who face widespread abuse lack basic rights, according to human rights organizations.

The incident came two weeks after a migrant domestic worker was found hanged, and another jumped off the balcony of her employer’s home in Beirut but survived.

A week before that, another maid leapt to her death in southern Lebanon.

The incident comes less than a week after a maid leapt to her death in south Lebanon.

About 200,000 foreign domestic workers work in Lebanon under the much-criticized sponsorship system, which bounds the maid to the employer.

Human Rights Watch and other organizations have called on Lebanese authorities to address the “high levels of abuse and deaths” of maids in the country.

HRW in 2008 recorded an average of one maid death a week in Lebanon by unnatural causes, including suicides.

Exit Exam (Re-exam) Question papers: Public Laws

exit exam Laws_Page1National Educational Assessment and
Examinations Agency (NEAEA)
National Exit Examination for
LL.B Programme Students of Ethiopian
Law Schools
Academic Year 2014
Part I: Public Laws

Exit Exam (Re-exam) Question papers: Private Laws

exit exam Laws_Page1Exit Exam (Re-exam) Question papers: Private Laws
National Educational Assessment and
Examinations Agency (NEAEA)
National Exit Examination for
LL.B Programme Students of Ethiopian
Law Schools
Academic Year 2014
Part I: Private Laws

Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions Volume 16 Table of Contents

Cassation volume 16 Table of Contents_Page1The Federal Supreme Court has released the table of contents to volume 16.

Click the links below to download the files.

Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions Volume 16 Table of Contents  DOWNLOAD

Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions Volume 1- 16 Table of Contents DOWNLOAD

Those of you who have not read the previous notice by Ethiopian Legal Brief about a new on-line service in which you will be able to get immediate access to proclamations and regulations, please click HERE to get full information.

Pardon Proclamation and notice

Dear all

Thanks for viewing and subscribing to Ethiopian Legal Brief
Here is the newly published pardon proclamation as most of you have
been asking for this document.

Please also download and read the notice by Ethiopian Legal Brief
about a new service to be started in the next two months.

Proclamation No. 840/2014  Procedure of Granting and Executing Pardon Proclamation DOWNLOAD


The African Online Library: Translated Cassation Decisions

I never profiled useful web pages that provide information and resources on Ethiopian law before. But, the fact is you cannot get what want simply because you have an internet access. I frequently receive emails asking for a document which is available on my blog. For this reason I have started sharing the best and resourceful web site specifically law web sites and law blogs you should visit.

For today, the African Online Library ( is my recommendation. If you are looking for English version of decisions of the Cassation bench, this is the place you should spend some time. It contains more than one hundred selected decisions of the cassation bench translated in to English. The availability of English copy of court decisions is highly important for law teachers, researchers, foreign legal scholars and others wishing to have a deeper understanding of the Ethiopian judiciary.

Here is a brief info about the web site and how you can get the court decisions.
As stated in its ‘about’ page the African Online Library on Law and Governance (the African Law Library) is an innovative online portal available free of charge to all those interested in African law and governance. The Library was initiated in 2012 by Jean-Claude Bastos de Morais, a successful international entrepreneur from Angola and Switzerland, and Founder of the African Innovation Foundation.

The web site is the first of its kind to provide free and easy access to legal and judicial materials of almost all African countries. In order to have full access to the resources of the site first you need to register and create an account. The good news is that registration is free and it will not take long. Just click on ‘Register for Free’ on the left side of the menu and fill the form.
By registering you will be able to:

Access an extensive range of full-text documents, legislation, court decisions and journal articles on African law free of charge;
• Upload your documents to the African Law Library to share your insights with other users of the library, helping to make the African Law Library truly comprehensive;
• Find other registered participants – globally, regionally and nationally – with similar interests to you;
• Manage your online profile on your page “My African Law Library”; and
• Join or create online workgroups in your field of interest, and invite other participants to join.

After your account is active, now you can find materials of your choice either by searching the library or browsing for the library.
When you click browse the library on the left menu you have the option to browse:
Countries: Simply select your chosen country to access the available legal texts, journal articles, or other documents.
Institutions: Select the institution in which you are interested to find material relating to that institution. The list of institutions is being added to all the time.
Other Collections: The African Law Library is creating online collections on areas of special interest.
Journals: The African Law Library offers full-text access to many journals on Africa, law and related issues. Choose the journal in which you are interested and you can search the journal by keyword, date, thematic interest etc. You also have the opportunity to set up an email alert to inform you when new articles are available. Please note that as journals are being added all the time not all content may be immediately available.

If you are interested in legal and judicial materials of Ethiopia, click countries and then click Ethiopia.
Then you will see legislation and court decisions tab. The web site contains limited number of proclamations, so it is not recommended as a useful resource of Ethiopian legislative materials.
The court decisions tab contains more than 100 Cassation bench decisions translated in to English. Just click on the document of your choice and download.
If you have difficulty locating the court decisions tab click HERE

ሰበር ውሳኔ የሰጠበት ህግ ‘ሲሻር’ የውሳኔው የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት

ሰበር ውሳኔ የሰጠበት ህግ ‘ሲሻር’ የውሳኔው የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት

የፌደራል ጠቅላይ ፍርድ ቤት የሰበር ችሎት ውሳኔ በስር ፍርድ ቤቶች ላይ የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት እንዲኖረው በህግ የተደነገገው በ1997 ዓ.ም. ሲሆን የሰበር ችሎት የዚህን አዋጅ መውጣት ተከትሎ በሰበር ስልጣኑ የሚሰጣቸው ውሳኔዎች በፌደራልና በክልል የስር ፍርድ ቤቶች ላይ የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት አግኝተዋል፡፡ ሆኖም በአዋጅ ቁ 454/1997 ላይ የድንጋጌ ለውጥ ሳይኖር የአንድ አዋጅን መሻር ተከትሎ በሰበር ትርጉም የተሰጠበት ውሳኔ የሚኖረው ህጋዊ ውጤት በህጉ አፈፃፀም ላይ በተግባር የሚያጋጥም ችግር ሆኗል፡፡

በእርግጥ ሰበር ትርጉም የሰጠበት ህግ ተሸሮ ትርጉም የተሰጠበት ድንጋጌም ቀሪ ወይም ውጤት የሌለው በሚሆንበት ጊዜ ውሳኔውም ያለ አንዳች ቅድመ-ሁኔታ ለቀጣይ ተመሳሳይ ጉዳዮች የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት ሊኖረው እንደማይችል ግልጽ ነው፡፡ ለምሳሌ አዋጅ ቁጥር 639/2001 ለባንክ ወይም ለአነስተኛ የፋይናንስ ተቋም ብድር መያዣነት የተሰጠ የማይንቀሳቀስ ንብረትን የሚመለከት ውል በፍርድ ቤት መዝገብ ወይም ስልጣን በተሰጠው አዋዋይ ፊት መፈረም እንደማያስፈልገው በመደንገግ በፍትሐ ብሔር ህግ ቁጥር 1723 ስር የተመለከተውን ቅድመ-ሁኔታ በከፊል ቀሪ አድርጎታል፡፡ ስለሆነም የሰበር ችሎት ከዚህ አዋጅ መውጣት በፊት የፍትሐ ብሔር ህግ ቁጥር 1723ን መሰረት በማድረግ ለባንክ ወይም ለአነስተኛ የፋይናንስ ተቋም ብድር መያዣነት የተሰጠ የማይንቀሳቀስ ንብረትን የሚመለከት ውልን በመተርጎም የሰጣቸው ውሳኔዎች በስር ፍርድ ቤቶች የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት አይኖራቸውም ማለት ነው፡፡

ይሁን እንጂ አንዳንድ ጊዜ አንድ አዋጅ ሙሉ በሙሉ ተሽሮ በአዲስ አዋጅ ሲተካ በተሻረው አዋጅና በአዲሱ አዋጅ የሚገኙ የተወሰኑ ድንጋጌዎች ምንም ዓይነት የይዘት ለውጥ አይደረግባቸውም፡፡ ለዚህ ጥሩ አብነት የሚሆነን የአሰሪና ሰራተኛ አዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85 በ377/96 መተካት ነው፡፡ ምንም እንኳን አዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85 በ377/96 የተሻረ ቢሆንም በቀድሞው አዋጅ ላይ የነበሩ ብዙ ድንጋጌዎች ምንም ዓይነት የይዘት ለውጥ አልተደረገባቸውም፡፡ ለምሳሌ የአዋጁን የተፈጻሚነት ወሰን የሚመለቱ ድንጋጌዎች፤ የስራ ውል አመሰራረትን የሚመለከቱ ድንጋጌዎች፤ የስራ ውል የሚቆይበትን ጊዜ አስመልክቶ የተቀመጡ ድንጋጌዎች (አዲስ ንዑስ አንቀጾች ከመጨመራቸው ውጪ የቀድሞ ድንጋጌዎች አልተቀየሩም) እንዲሁም ሌሎች ብዙ ድንጋጌዎች ይዘታቸው አልተቀየረም፡፡

እዚህ ላይ ጥያቄ ይነሳል፡፡ የይዘት ለውጥ ባልተደረገበት አንቀጽ ላይ አዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85ን መሰረት በማድረግ በሰበር የተሰጠ ውሳኔ አዋጁ በ377/96 ከተሻረ በኋላም የአስገዳጅነት ውጤት አለው?

በዚህ ነጥብ ላይ የሰበር ችሎት በሁሉም ዓይነት የስራ ክርክር፤ የፍትሐብሔር፤ የወንጀልና ሌሎች ጉዳዮች ላይ ወጥ በሆነ መልኩ ተፈፃሚነት ያለው ውሳኔ ያልሰጠ ቢሆንም የአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ጉዳይን በተመለከተ ግን በከፊልም ቢሆን ምላሽ ሰጥቶበታል፡፡ ስለሆነም በአዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85 መሰረት የተሰጠ የሰበር ውሳኔ አዋጅ ቁጥር 377/96 ከወጣ በኃላ በአዲሱ አዋጅ መሰረት የሚነሱ የስራ ክርክሮች ላይ የሚኖረውን ህጋዊ ውጤት በከፊልም ቢሆን ምላሽ ያገኘ ይመስላል፡፡

በሐመረ ወርቅ ቅ/ማሪያም ቤተክርስቲያን ሰበካ ጉባኤ ጽ/ቤት እና እነ ዲያቆን ምህረተ ብርሐን (6 ሰዎች) (የሰ.መ.ቁ.18419 ግንቦት 4 ቀን 1998 ዓ.ም) በነበረው የአሰሪና ሰራተኛ ክርክር ሰበር ችሎቱ የተያዘውን ጉዳይ ብቻ አስመልክቶ እንዳለው አዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85 በአዋጅ ቁጥር 377/96 የተሻረ ቢሆንም ነጥቡን በሚመለከት ሁለቱ አዋጆች አንድ አይነት ድንጋጌዎችን የያዙ በመሆኑ ችሎቱ የአዋጅ ቁጥር 42/85 ድንጋጌዎችን መሰረት አድርጎ በተጠቀሰው ነጥብ ላይ የሰጠው የህግ ትርጉም ለአዋጅ ቁጥር 377/96 ድንጋጌዎችም አግባብነት ያለው ነው፡፡


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