WHEREAS, it is believed that the full-fledged implementation of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, the supreme law of the land, is a guarantee to the continuation of the ongoing democratic system, development and peace;
WHEREAS, the Council of Constitutional Inquiry is established by virtue of Article 82 of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia to conduct constitutional •inquiries and present its findings to the House of the Federation which is empowered to interpret the Constitution;
WHEREAS, the Council is empowered to investigate constitutional disputes as per Article 84 of the Constitution which necessitates to have better practice and structure to respond to issues related to the interpretation of the Constitution efficiently;
WHEREAS, the Council needs to have its own supporting office so that it can discharge its duties efficiently while maintaining its constitutional independence;
NOW, THEREFORE, in accordance With Article 55 (1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows



Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions Volume 15

Cassation Volume 15_Page1

Federal Supreme Court Cassation Decisions Volume 15 is now officially released.


2013/14 Exit Exam Question Papers

National Educational Assessment and Examinations Agency (NEAEA)

National Exit Examination for

LL.B Programme Students of Ethiopian Law Schools

Academic Year 2013/2014

Part I:  Private Laws                          DOWNLOAD
Part II:  Public Laws                          DOWNLOAD

Part III:  Procedural Laws and Skill Courses    DOWNLOAD

Part IV:  Miscellaneous Courses      DOWNLOAD

Index to Cassation Deisions Volume 15

volume 15 Table of Contents_Page1

Index to cassation decisions volume 15

The Federal Supreme Court has released the index to volume 15 of cassation decisions.

Click the link below to download the file.

volume 15 Table of contents  DOWNLOAD



New Proclamations and Regulations 2013/14


Proclamation No. 808/2013 Information Network Security Agency Re-establishment Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 810/2013 Energy Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 811/2013 Trucks Demurrage Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 812/2013 Export – Import Bank of China Loan Agreement Periods Additional Loan for Addis Ababa Adama Toll Motorway Design and Build and a Loan for Addis Ababa Toll Motorway Phase II Project Ratification Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 815/2013 Bilateral Air Service Agreement Between the Government of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia and the Government of the Republic of Senegal Ratification Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation No. 818/2014  Urban Land Registration Proclamation DOWNLOAD
Proclamation 823/2014 International Development Association Financing Agreement for Financing the Second General Education Improvement Project II, Ratification Proclamation DOWNLOAD

Proclamation 824/2014 International Development Association Financing Agreement for Financing the Sustainable Land Management Project II , Ratification Proclamation DOWNLOAD




Regulation No. 298/2013 Public Service Employee’s Transport Service Enterprise Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 299/2013 Food, Medicine and Health Care Administration and Control Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 300/2013 Insurance Fund Administration Agency Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 301/20 13 Ethiopian Public Health Institute Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 302/2013 Ethiopian Electric Power Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD

Regulation No. 303/2013 Ethiopian Electric Utility Establishment Council of Ministers Regulation DOWNLOAD


Guide to Judicial Review Jurisdiction of Federal Courts

Guide to Judicial Review Jurisdiction of Federal Courts

Do courts in Ethiopia have an inherent power to review the legality of administrative actions? Most legal scholars in Ethiopia are strong adherents of the ‘inherent power’ approach arguing that courts have inherent power to review acts of administrative agencies. However, such an argument is unpalatable to the Cassation Bench. In one case submitted to the bench (Ethiopian privatization and public enterprises supervising agency Vs. heirs of Ato Nur Beza, Casation File Number 23608 date Hidar 3-2000 E.C.) it was held that the source of judicial power in Ethiopia is statute. Courts do not have inherent judicial power and there is no legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions.

In spite of the strong words of the bench, not all cases involving judicial review of administrative action are rejected for lack of ‘inherent’ judicial power.  When a directive was challenged on the ground of ultra-virus (beyond power) neither the lower courts nor the cassation bench rejected the legal action on procedural grounds i.e. lack of inherent judicial power or the absence a legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions (See Ethiopian National Bank Vs. 1. Hibret Insurance Company 2.Mr. Eyesuswork Zafu 3. Mr. Workeshet Bekele Demisie Cassation File Number 44226 Date Tahesa 15-2003 E.C.) The Federal First Instance Court invalidated some provisions of the directive and its decision was affirmed by the appellate Federal High Court. Both decisions of the lower courts were overturned by the Cassation Bench, but unlike the Ethiopian privatization case (Casation File Number 23608) it was not on procedural grounds. On substantive grounds the bench stated that the issuance of the directive is within the scope of power of the Bank.

Now, let’s leave the issue of inherent judicial power of review and turn to statutory review. To what extent is statutory review available in Ethiopia? In general terms, a legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions (if that is to mean a single statute governing judicial review of administrative actions) is not yet available. However, different legislations clearly provide for reviewable administrative actions including which specific court has a power of review. These legislations are scattered here and there making it difficult to determine the scope of power of courts and the extent of availability of review.

What follows is a summary of legal provisions providing statutory review. I have tried to make the list comprehensive. Please let me know if a relevant proclamation is not included.

Finally, as you can see there four categories;

  • Federal first Instance Court
  • Federal High Court
  • Federal Supreme Court and
  • Regular Courts.

The reference to regular courts is due to the lack of clarity of the statute. When the law says “An employee aggrieved by the administrative decision of the top management may present his case to the regular courts” it is difficult to be certain as to which court it is referring to. For this reason, I created a 4th category, leaving it to ‘readers’ discretion’ of interpretation.

Click on the links below or the numbers at the bottom to go to a specific page.

Federal first Instance Court

Federal High Court

Federal Supreme Court and

Regular Courts

Pages: 1 2 3 4 5

U.S. prosecutors urge 22 years for brutal Ethiopian prison guard – The Denver Post

U.S. prosecutors urge 22 years for brutal Ethiopian prison guard – The Denver Post.

Kefelgn Alemu Worku, an Ethiopian who tortured and killed during a period of political turmoil in the African nation, should get 22 years in a U.S. prison — the maximum sentence allowed for his immigration fraud conviction, prosecutors said in a court document.

“Justice demands nothing less,” according to a sentencing statement filed in U.S. District Court in Denver.

Federal sentencing guidelines for Alemu Worku’s immigration violations recommend a sentencing range of zero to 18 months, but the law allows up to 10 years for each of two counts on which he was convicted, and two more years for a third.

It is unclear if upon release from prison Alemu Worku could be deported to his own country, where he has been sentenced to death, according to the sentencing statement filed by prosecutors.

Alemu Worku was convicted of immigration fraud last month after a five-day trial in which victims of Ethiopia’s Red Terror testified that he was a brutal guard at the Higher 15 prison during the late 1970s. He was convicted of assuming another man’s identity and lying about his background.

“While former Higher 15 prisoners in the United States continue to live every day with the physical aches and pains of their injuries and mental anguish resulting from their torture at the hands of or pursuant to the orders of the defendant, the defendant lived comfortably, safely, and free of any adverse consequences resulting from his commission of politically-motivated torture and murder during the eight years prior to his arrest in the United States and for unknown years in Kenya,” according to the document.

According to the sentencing statement, an Ethiopian Federal High Court convicted Alemu Worku in absentia of genocide on Nov. 13, 2000.

At the time, Alemu Worku, who had been a member of the ruling Marxist Derg junta before it was overthrown, was apparently living as a refugee in Kenya.

After finding that he “unjustly killed 101 … innocent individuals and inflicted injury through torture,” the court sentenced him to death, according to the statement.

On release from an American prison, the Department of Homeland Security would likely pursue his removal to Ethiopia.

But the deportation of Alemu Worku, who is in his mid to late 60s, poses challenges, and could require lengthy adjudication, the document said.

If Ethiopia refused to take him, or he was granted protection under the international Convention Against Torture, it isn’t clear where he could be sent, according to the document.

“The duration of litigation in a removal case can range from months to several years. It is premature to determine now whether the defendant would be subject to detention during any removal proceedings.”

Though he faces a death sentence in his homeland, the last known execution in Ethiopia was in 2007. “Conditions in Ethiopia at the current time do not suggest that a death sentence would be carried out,” according to the document.

In fact, the document said, “there is no record of Ethiopia having carried out any executions of former Derg members … a number of Derg members were pardoned entirely and released.”

Regional Civil Servants Laws and Directives

Addis Ababa Administration

Addis Ababa Administration Civil servants Proclamation No. 6-2000 E.C. DOWNLOAD

የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር የመንግሥት ሠራተኞች አዋጅ ቁጥር 6/2ዐዐዐ

Addis Ababa Administration Civil Servants Disciplinary and Grievance Procedure Directive DOWNLOAD

በአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር የመንግስት ሠራተኞች የዲሲፕሊንና የቅሬታ አቀራረብ አፈጻጸምና መመሪያ

Addis Ababa Administration Permanent Employees Recruitment Procedure Directive DOWNLOAD

የአዲስ አበባ ከተማ አስተዳደር የቋሚ መንግስት ሠራተኞች የቅጥር አፈጻጸም መመሪያ

Harari National Regional State

Harari National Regional State Civil Servants Proclamation No.34-1996 E.C.  DOWNLOAD

የሐረሪ ህዝብ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስት የመንግስት ሰራተኞች አዋጅ ቁጥር 34-19996

Rights and  Benefits  of  Outgoing  Senior  Government Officials,  Members  of  Parliament  and  Judges  of the  Harari National  Regional  State Proclamation (Amendment) No. 93-2002 E.C.  DOWNLOAD

Amhara National Regional State

Proclamation No. 171 /2010  The Amhara National Regional State Civil  Servants  Revised Proclamation  DOWNLOAD

Regulation no.18.2004 the Civil Servants Screening Council of Regional government Regulation    DOWNLOAD

Regulation no.35.2005 the Civil Servants’ Screening Regulation Amendment DOWNLOAD

Rights and  Benefits  of  Outgoing  Senior  Government Officials,  Members  of  Parliament  and  Judges  of the  Amhara  National  Regional  State Proclamation No. 172/2010  DOWNLOAD

Amhara Natioal Regional State Revenue Authority Employees Administration Regulation DOWNLOAD

Amhara National Regional State Revenue Authority Employees Ethical Code of Conduct Directive No. 1-2003 E.C. DOWNLOAD

የአማራ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስት የገቢዎች ባለስልጣን የስነ-ምግባር መመሪያ ቁጥር 1-2003

Amhara National Regional State Civil Servants Job Performance Evaluation Directive     DOWNLOAD

የአማራ ብሔራዊ ክልላዊ መንግስት የመንግስት ሰራተኞች የስራ አፈጻጸም ምዘና መመሪያ

Dire Dawa Administration

Dire Dawa Civil Servants Proclamation    DOWNLOAD

Dire Dawa Administration Job Grade Determination and Assignment for Sector Agencies and Kebele Administrations Implementing BPR    DOWNLOAD

በድሬዳዋ አስተዳደር መሰረታዊ የስራ ሂደት ለውጥ ጥናት ላካሄዱ የአስተዳደሩ ሴክተር መስሪያ ቤቶችና ቀበሌዎች ውስጥ የተፈፈቀዱ የስራ መደቦች የስራ ምደባና ደረጃ አወሳሰን አፈጻጸም መመሪያ

Ethiopia condemns Saudi crackdown on workers

PressTV – Ethiopia condemns Saudi crackdown on workers.

Ethiopian Foreign Minister Tedros Adhanom has condemned Saudi Arabia for its brutal crackdown on migrant workers in the kingdom.

Saudi authorities have launched the weeklong visa crackdown on foreign workers, killing three people, including an Ethiopian national.
“This is unacceptable. We call on the Saudi government to investigate this issue seriously. We are also happy to take our citizens, who should be treated with dignity while they are there,” Adhanom said on Sunday.
Ethiopia’s top diplomat said Addis Ababa has formally complained to Riyadh and is now working to bring its citizens back home.
Saudi security forces on Saturday clashed with thousands of migrant workers protesting a new labor law.
Two people were killed and nearly 70 others injured after police opened fire to disperse protesters in the capital Riyadh. More than 500 protesters were also detained.
On Wednesday, the Ethiopian man was killed during another crackdown, prompting the Ethiopian government to announce efforts to bring home its citizens.
Riyadh has announced plans to create jobs for Saudi nationals by reducing the number of foreign workers totaling some nine million people.
Hundreds of thousands of workers have already left the kingdom amid tougher conditions for migrants.
Foreign workers cannot change jobs or leave Saudi Arabia without the permission of their sponsors, who are often Saudi companies or individuals who provide workers to businesses for profit.
Most of the sponsors take away the passports of the workers for the duration of their contract.
Human rights groups have criticized Saudi Arabia over the condition of migrant workers in the kingdom and called on Riyadh to abolish the sponsorship system for migrant workers.

Ethiopian migrant killed in Saudi crackdown

Ethiopian migrant killed in Saudi crackdown – Middle East – Al Jazeera English.

The man was trying to resist arrest, authorities say, as they pursue a crackdown on illegal workers, arresting 16,000

An Ethiopian migrant has been killed by Saudi police after he tried to flee arrest during a round-up of thousands of foreigners suspected of working illegally in the kingdom.

A statement on Wednesday by Riyadh police chief Nasser el-Qahtani said security forces killed the African migrant worker in el-Manhoufa a day earlier when he and others tried to resist arrest.

The security sweep comes after seven months of warnings by Saudi Arabia’s government, which has created a task force of 1,200 Labour Ministry officials who are combing shops, construction sites, restaurants and businesses in search of foreign workers employed without proper permits.

More than 16,000 people have already been rounded up, according to authorities.

Strict labour law

Police have also erected checkpoints to enforce the kingdom’s strict labour rules that make it almost impossible to remain in the country without official sponsorship by an employer.

Residents said most shops have been closed since the sweep began on Monday, with many of the country’s migrants avoiding the streets where they face possible arrest.

The state-backed Saudi Gazette reported on Wednesday that residents are already feeling the brunt of the everyday work the migrants provided, from ritual washings of corpses before burial to food delivery and bagging groceries.

Authorities say that since warnings were issued earlier this year, almost seven million foreigners in Saudi Arabia corrected their paperwork to accurately reflect their occupation and workplace.

The kingdom also issued more than one million final exit visas, which ban people from ever returning.

The Saudi-owned Asharq al-Awsat newspaper reported that authorities detained around 16,500 workers in the first 48 hours of the nationwide crackdown.

The newspaper quoted Saudi officials as saying that nearly half of the migrants were arrested near the southern border with Yemen.

Another 5,000 had been detained in Mecca, where some Muslims stay on illegally after pilgrimage.

Less than 1,000 were detained in the main city of Riyadh.

A resident in the poorer neighborhood of el-Manhoufa in Riyadh told the Associated Press news agency he saw police stopping people outside a mosque after prayers and arresting those who did not have the correct papers on them.


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