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Pre-1995 Ethiopian Laws




This regulation is issued by the Transitional Government of Ethiopia council of Ministers pursuant to Article 4(2) of the Definition of Powers and Duties Proclamation No. 2/1991.

1. Short Title

This regulation may be cited as “Plant Quarantine Council of Ministers Regulation No. 4/1992.”

2. Definitions

In this regulation unless the context otherwise requires:

(1)        “container” shall mean any bag, basket, package box or any other covering by which plants or other articles for carriage or storage may be enclosed or packed or stacked;

(2)        “inspection” shall mean examination of plants and other articles by an authorized person or inspector for the purpose of detecting pests;

(3)        “Minister and Ministry” shall mean respectively the Minister and Ministry of Agriculture;

(4)        “person” shall mean a natural or juridical person;

(5)        “premises” shall mean any building or area where plants or other articles are delivered, handled, stored, prepared, packed, unpacked or treated for the purposes of import or export;

(6)        “phytosanitary certificate” shall mean a certificate in the form of the model certificate of the International Plant Protection Convention of 1951 as amended in 1979;

(7)        “plants” shall mean plants and plant products including seeds;

(8)        “quarantine station” shall mean a place so designated for the inspection, detention, treatment, reconsignment or destruction of plants and other articles being imported or exported or in transit;

(9)        the following words and phrases shall have the definitions stated under the Plant Protection Decree No. 56 of 1971: “conveyance,” “Infected,” “Inspector,” “Permit,” “Plants and Plant Products,” “Quarantine,” “Plant Pest,” “Infested,” “Treatment,” and “Other articles,”

(10)      “Quarantine” shall mean to isolate, to grow in isolation from like plant species or to grow in an enclosure designed to prevent the dissemination of plant pests with the intention of regulating the movement into or from a specified land area of plant pests, plants, plant products or other articles; while “treatment” shall mean to subject to an action such as to fumigate or spray with pesticides, expose to wet or dry heart or cold temperature, to excise any part, or to wash or clean with the intention of disinfecting or disinfesting the object involved;

3. Quarantine Control

All imported plants and other articles which are liable to be infested or infected with plant pests are subject to plant quarantine.

4. Import Restrictions on Plants

(1)        No person shall import into Ethiopia any plant and other articles as specified in Schedule I unless he is in possession of an import permit duly issued to him by the Minister.

(2)        Application for such permit shall be made to the Ministry on the relevant form prescribed and provided by it.

5. Plants Prohibited From Entry Into the Country

(1)        The importation of any plant or other articles as specified in Schedule II is prohibited.

2          Whereas sub-article (1) of this article remains valid; the Minister may approve their importation for scientific study and under strict quarantine precautions.

6. Phytosanitary Certificates and other Information

(1)        Any plant or other articles as specified in Schedule I which is to be imported into Ethiopia shall be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate.  A copy of the phytosanitary certificate shall be attached to the outside of the container.

(2)        Any plant or other articles being exported from Ethiopia shall be accompanied by a phytosanitary certificate, if such is required by the importing country.

(3)        Any container of plant or other articles used for import or export shall be marked with the information specifying the nature of the contents, the place where produced or obtained where plants or other articles were propagated, the name and address of shipper, owners, or person forwarding and the name and address of the consignee, the place at which the plants or other articles will enter Ethiopia.

7. Waiving Quarantine Requirements

Whereas Article 3 of this regulation remain valid; the inspector may waive any or all conditions of quarantine for plants and other articles specified in Schedule 1;

(1)        upon presentation of evidence that the plants have been certified by a known institution using special techniques and are intended for research and scientific studies or

(2)        upon being convinced that the plants and other articles in transit are packed and secured to an acceptable standard. <!–nextpage–>

8. Treatment and Disposal

(1)        Any plant or other articles found infected or infested with plant pests shall at the expense of the owner be treated, reexported, destroyed or disposed off in any other manner that the inspector may see it fit.  The inspector shall detail in writing the method of treatment or disposal.

(2)        Any premise or conveyance which is infected or infested shall be treated as the inspector may direct.

9. Garbage and Refuse in International Conveyances

(1)        Garbage or refuse from airplanes from international flights is subject to such safeguards as specified by the plant quarantine in cooperation with concerned governmental agencies.

(2)        Garbage or refuse retained on board in transit vessels and aircraft must be enclosed in tightly sealed pest proof containers to prevent escape.

(3)        The landing of garbage is strictly prohibited except in unusual circumstances and in this instances, prior approval must be obtained from the appropriate agency.

10. Quarantine Stations

(1)        Plants or other articles shall be imported, exported or quarantined at the following stations:

(a)        Previously established quarantine stations and currently providing quarantine services;

(b)        Quarantine stations that will be established by the Minister for the future as deemed necessary;

(2)        The inspector shall prescribe the precautions to be observed during any quarantine or detection.

(3)        The inspector shall be notified by the owner, agent or consignee of the arrival of any conveyance of plants or other articles at the port of entry.

11. Powers and Responsibilities of the Inspector

Whereas the powers and responsibilities specified under different articles of this regulations and other provisions remain valid; the inspector shall:

(1)        In accordance with Article 3 require of any person the inspection of plants or other articles;

(2)        Require of any person the inspection and search of the premises and conveyance for the purpose of discovering plant pests and for enforcing the provisions of this regulation;

(3)        Enter upon and conduct a survey at any area of land to determine whether it is infested or infected by plant pest;

(4)        Seize any plant or other articles, conveyance or premises which after inspection may be found infected or infested and to act on in accordance with Article 8 of this regulation;

(5)        Inspect any certificate, permit or other relevant document in respect of plants or other articles for export or import;

(6)        Order any appropriate pest control operation to be carried out on any consignment plants or other articles destined for export or import and on any conveyance and premises to ensure that they are free from any infestation or infection likely to be injurious to agriculture;

12. Powers of the Minister in Enforcing this Regulation

(1)        The Minister upon settling forth reasonable belief of the existence of any plant pest in an area defined, may in order to prevent the spreading of the pest require the area to be treated.

(2)        The Minister has the power to establish new quarantine stations at appropriate places and shall at the same time notify the concerned sectors of the public the establishment of such stations.

(3)        The Minister has the power to amend at any time the lists specified in Schedule I and II.

13. Fees

Expenses connected with the examination of any plant and other articles and of their conveyance to a quarantine station, or of their treatment or disposal shall be paid for by the owner of importer or exporter as specified in Schedule III.

14. Penal Provisions

Any person who otherwise contravenes or fails to comply with any provision of this regulation shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of Article II of the Plant Protection Decree No.56/1971.

15. Effective Date

This Regulation shall enter into force upon its publication in the Negarit Gazeta.

Addis baba, this 2nd day of October 1992.


Prime Minister of the

Transitional Government of Ethiopia


Restricted Plants

1.         Acacia spp.

2.         Allium spp. (Bulbs)

3.         Anana comosus (Excluding Seeds)

4.         Agave sisalana (Excluding Seeds)

5.         Arachis hypogaea

6.         Asparagus officinalis L. (Exluding Seeds)

7.         Avena spp.

8.         Beta spp. (Excluding Seeds)

9.         Brassica spp. (Excluding Seeds)

10.       Cajanus cajan (Excluding Seeds)

11.       Camellia sinensis

12.       Capsicum spp. (Excluding Seeds)

13.       Carthumus tinctorius

14.       Castanea spp.

15.       Carica papawa (Excluding Seeds)

16.       Cicer arietinum (Excluding Seeds)

17.       Citrus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

18.       Coffea spp.

19.       Coniferae – Cupresus, Juniperus and Pinus

20.       Cucurbitaceae (Excluding Seeds)

21.       Cultures

Non-pathogens of plants including bacteria, fungi and nematodes

22.       Curcuma domestica (Excluding Seeds)

23.       Daucus carota (Excluding Seeds)

24.       Dioscorea spp. (Excluding Seeds)

25.       Elettaria cardamomum (Excluding Seeds)

26.       Eucalyptus spp.

27.       Fabaceae (Excluding Seeds)

28.       Fresh fruit and vegetables

29.       Fragaria spp. (Excluding Seeds)

30.       Glycine-max

31.       Gossypium spp.

32.       Gramineae (Excluding Seeds)

33.       Hordeur spp.

34.       Helianthus annuus L.

35.       Hibiscus cannabinus (Excluding Seeds)

36.       Ipomoea batatas

37.       lactuca sativa (Excluding Seeds)

38.       Linum usitatissimum

39.       Lycopersicon esculentum

40.       Malus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

41.       Mangifera spp. (Excluding Seeds)

42.       Manihot esculenta

43.       Medicago spp.

44.       Musa spp. (Excluding Seeds)

45.       Nicotiana spp.

46.       Oryza sativa

47.       Passiflora spp. (Excluding Seeds)

48.       Persea americana (Excluding Seeds)

49.       Phaseolus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

50.       Phoenix dactylifera (Excluding Seeds)

51.       Piper nigrum (Excluding Seeds)

52.       Pisum sativum

53.       Prunus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

54.       Psidium guajava (Excluding Seeds)

55.       Pyrus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

56.       Ricinus communis

57.       Rosa spp. (Excluding Seeds)

58.       Rubus spp. (Excluding Seeds)

59.       Saccharum officinarum (Excluding Seeds)

60.       Secale cereale L.

61.       Sesamum indicum

62.       Solanum melongena L. (Excluding Seeds)

63.       Solanum tuberosum L.

64.       Sorghum spp.

65.       Trifolium spp.

66.       Triticum spp.

67.       Ulmus spp. (Exluding Seeds)

68.       Vicia faba

69.       Vigna spp.

70.       Vitis spp. (Excluding Seeds)

71.       Zea mays L.

72.       Zingiber officinale Rosc. (Excluding Seeds)


Prohibited Plants and other articles

1.         Compost

2.         Cultures of plant pathogens and plant disease specimens.

3.         Live specimens of arthropod plant pests, snails and slugs.

4.         Packing materials of plant origin which pose a quarantine risk as follows:

–           banana leaves, cereal straw, coffee hulls, cotton plants and plant parts and unprocessed cotton products, forest litter, leaves and stems of plants in general rice hulls, sugarcane plants and plant parts.

5.         Soil, whether alone or attached to plants.

6.         Weed species listed below:

1.         Abutilon theophrasti Medic

2.         Aegilops cyclindrica Host

3.         Agropyron repens (L.) Beauv.

4.         Agrostemma githago L.

5.         Alectra orobanchoides

6.         Alectra Vogelic Benth.

7.         Allium vinea le L.

8.         Alopecurus myosuroides Huds.

9.         Amaranthus retroflexus L.

10.       Ambrosia spp.

11.       Aspodelus fistulosus L.

12.       Brachiaria plantaginea (Link) Hitche

13.       Brassica kaber (DC.) L.C. Wheeler

14.       Cenchrus echinatus L.

15.       Cenchrus incertus M.A. Curtis

16.       Chondrilla juncea L.

17.       Chromolaena odorata (L) R.M. King and H. Robi

18.       Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop.

19.       Cuscuta spp.

20.       Digitaria sanguinalis (L.) Scop.

21.       Echinochloa crus – galli (L.) Beauv.

22.       Eichlorinoa crassipes (Mart.) Solms

23.       Elidea canadensis Michx

24.       Emex spinosa (L) Campdera

25.       Euphorbia marginata

26.       Euphorbia esula L.

27.       Galium aparine L.

28.       Hordeum jubatum L.

29.       Hydrilla verticillata (L.f.) Royle.

30.       Hypericum perforotum L.

31.       Ipomoea hederacea (L.) Jacq.

32.       Ischaemum rugosum Sealisb

33.       Kochia scoparia (L.) Roth

34.       Lactuca pulchella (Pursh) DC.

35.       Lolium rigidum Laud.

36.       Mikania micrantha

37.       Mimosa inermis L.

38.       Mimosa pigra L.

39.       Mimosa pudica L.

40.       Opuntia spp.

41.       Orobanche spp.

42.       Oryza punctata kolschy ex steud

43.       Parthenium hysterophorus L.

44.       Polygonum convolvulus L.

45.       Rhus radicans L.

46.       Rubus vulgaris Weihe et Ness

47.       Rumex acetosella L.

48.       Saccharum spontaneum L.

49.       Salvinia molesta D.S. Mitchell

50.       Setaria faberi Herrm.

51.       Setaria viridis (L.) Beauv.

52.       Sisymbrium altissimum L.

53.       Solanum elaeagnifolium Cav.

54.       Sonchus arvensis L.

55.       Sorghum halepense (L.) Pers.

56.       Spernacoce latifolia

57.       Striga spp.

58.       Ulex europaeus L.


List of Fees for Plant Quarantine Services

1. Imports

(1)        Inspection fees for imports of plants for consumption

per entry permit ………………………                   Birr 20.00

(2)        Inspection fee for all imports of plants other than

those specified in No. 1/1 of this schedule:

(a)        if amount is less than 1 quintal; per certificate

or entry permit …………………..             Birr 10.00

(b)        if amount is 1 to 10 quintals; per certificate

or entry permit ……………………                        Birr 20.00

(c)        if amount is above 10 quintals up to 1000

quintals; in addition to that specified in

No. 2/b of this schedule, per every 10 quintals

………………………………….                    Birr 0.50

(3)        If those specified under No. /1/ or /2/ are found

infested during inspection and require treatment;

supervision fee per hour …………………..Birr 15.00

(4)        If the material imported requires post-entry quarantine screening:

(a)        for seedling, grafts, cuttings up to 100 pieces;

maintenance fee per piece …………….Birr 1.00

(b)        for seeds up to 500; maintenance fee ……Birr 20.00

(c)        if amount is above 500 seeds in addition to

that specified in No. 4/b:

Per every 100 seeds …………………..Birr 2.00

2. Exports

1.         For exports which require phytosanitary certificate

after inspection:

(a)        if amount is less than 1 quintal, per

certificate ………………………….Birr 10.00

(b)        if amount is 1 to 10 quintals, per

certificate ………………………….Birr 20.00

(c)        if amount is above 10 quintals up to 2000

quintals; in addition to that specified

in No 1/b: Per every 10 quintals ……….Birr 0.50

(d)        for imports that are transit through

Ethiopia Per certificate ………………Birr 5.00

2.         If export item requires growth inspection while at

the field, field inspection fee

Per day …………………………………….Birr 20.00

3.         If export item requires active treatment, supervision fee

per hour ……………………………………Birr 15.00

3. Disposal

1.         If import and/or export consignment is decided to be

disposed, supervision fee per hour …………….Birr 15.00

2.         All transport and labour costs required during disposal

will be covered by the importer or exporter.


About Abrham Yohannes

Abrham Yohannes Hailu Licensed Lawyer & Consultant


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