Law school exit exam

Last year’s Law school exit exam papers -PUBLIC LAWS

Last year, Ethiopian law school students have for the first time taken the National Exit Exam which will qualify them for their successful graduation.  Most of the students did not have  a clear guidance on how to prepare themselves. Now, last years exam will to some extent help them understand the type and nature of questions involved. Here is part of the exam paper for public laws.






Section I: Choose the Best Answer  (20%) (One Point Each)

1.       One of the following is not a canon of taxation

A.      Certainty                                 C.      Accountability

B.      Productivity                              D.      Economy

2.       The following statement is correct about commonality of TOT and VAT

A.      Both are Indirect taxes

B.      Both belong to the family of sales taxes

C.      Both avoid cascading effect

D.      All

E.      None

3.       Which one of the following is true about the similarities and differences between restrictions to and derogations from human rights provisions?

A.      A restriction suspends the right whereas derogation limits its application.

B.      Both are necessary evils at all times and in all places.

C.      Restrictions are perpetual in character whereas derogations are temporal.

D.      Restrictions are justified by the rights of others alone whereas derogations might be made to protect the constitutional order.

E.      None of the above

4.       Which one of the following is true about classification of human rights?

A.      It helps in prioritizing one right over the other.

B.      We have universal standards to classify human rights.

C.      It might be considered as a reflection of ideological controversies in human rights standard setting.

D.      It mainly serves for academic purposes without any effect of prioritization.

E.      C and D are correct.

F.      All of the above are correct

5.       The goal of separation of powers is

A.      To do away with or minimize tyranny

B.      To ensure liberty of citizens

C.      Ensuring efficiency of government

D.      All

E.      None

6.       The following may not be suspended during emergency under FDRE Constitution except

A.      The right to equality

B.      The prohibition against inhuman, degrading treatment or punishment

C.      The federal democratic organization of the state

D.      Right to self-determination

E.      None

7.       One of the following is true about the federal legislature under FDRE Constitution

A.      FDRE Constitution establishes a bicameral house with equal


B.      The composition of the two houses (HPR and HF) is not different

C.      The method of election of the two houses is the same

D.      Both HPR and HF participate in amendment of the constitution and jointly elect the president

E.      All

8.       What rule of law requires is that

A.      Subjection of everyone to the same law and ordinary court

B.      Equal protection of the law

C.      Supremacy of ordinary law

D.      Rule of law and not men

9.       Constitutionalism requires that

A.      There should be popular sovereignty

B.      Separation of powers

C.      Human rights are respected

D.      There should be limit to what the majority can do

E.      All

10.     Bicameral legislature was envisaged in all except in the

A.      1931 constitution

B.      1955 revised constitution

C.      1987 PDRE constitution

D.      1995 FDRE constitution

E.      None

11.     One of the following is incorrect about sovereignty.

A.      Sovereignty implies that states don’t accept any supreme authority above them without their consent.

B.      Sovereignty dictates that obedience to international obligation is optional.

C.      The executive (enforcement) jurisdiction of states is strictly territorial.

D.      Immunities and privileges of a state in another state is an exception to the principle of sovereignty.

12.     Which one of the following is true about the legal significance of Recognition of states?

A.      It may serve as an evidence to confirm or refute statehood when there is doubt regarding the four factual criteria of statehood.

B.      Premature recognition may amount to unlawful intervention.

C.      It may have a constitutive effect when new states are created through secession.

D.      B&C

E.      A&B

13.     Which one of the following Doctrines in the law of International Organization receives judicial support in the Reparations for injuries Advisory Opinion when establishing international legal personality for the UN?

A.      The principle of Specialty

B.      The Doctrines of attributed powers

C.      The doctrine of inherent powers

D.      The doctrine of Autonomy

E.      The Doctrine of Implied powers

14.     Identify the statement that does not explain the purpose of environmental impact assessment

A.      Serves to bring about administrative transparency and accountability.

B.      Enhance community participation in development activities that might affect them and their environment.

C.      Cancel development projects that promote welfare of the community

D.      Serves to predict and manage environmental effects which a proposed development activity entails.

15.              Identify the statement that well describes Sustainable   Development?

A.      Non- linearity of natural resource degradation is not yet a threat.

B.      Possible to employ the theory of ‘pollute now and compensate later’.

C.      It is becoming less an option for developing nations.

D.      Nature has still the potential to accommodate un-sustainability.

16.      One of the following statements is true about judicial review?

A.        The grounds for judicial review are always contained in the statute conferring powers on public bodies.

B.        In judicial review the court reverses the decision of the defendant public body.

C.        Judicial review focuses on the way public bodies make their decisions. The basis of a judicial review claim is not that a decision is wrong, unless the decision is so wrong that no reasonable public body could have reached it.

D.        In judicial review the court replaces the decision of the defendant public body with its own decision on the merits of the claim.

17.      Which one of the following statements is false?

A.        writ of certiorari, now called a quashing order, allowed a court to reverse the decision of agencies and replace it with its own judgment of the merits of the case.

B.        When a claimant asks a judge to review the lawfulness of a public body’s decision, the court will look at the way the public body reached its decision

C.        The court has jurisdiction to examine the record of a public body’s proceedings and if there are errors on the face of the record the defendant’s decision may be quashed.

D.        A writ of mandamus is issued by a court to compel a government officer to perform mandatory or purely ministerial duties correctly.

18.      A goes to a party and asks his friend B to bring him a non-alcoholic beer. Unbeknownst to him, B returns with a glass of ordinary beer. After consuming several glasses, A gets in to a car and because of his intoxication, he loses control and causes injury to a pedestrian. Which one of the following is true according to the Criminal Code of Ethiopia?

A.      Intoxication would be a defense to any crime that requires proof of knowledge and purpose

B.      A can raise the defense of intoxication so long as it was involuntary

C.      He can’t raise the defense of intoxication at all as he was at fault in putting himself at the party in the first place

D.      Even if it were involuntary he can be charged for crimes against public safety

19.     Which one of the following is not true about the Federal Courts Special Advocacy License?

A.      One needs to have a university Degree and five years   relevant experience to hold the license

B.      The license is not designed to receive financial rewards

C.      The applicant for such category of license is exempted from Advocacy Entrance Examination

D.      Professional Indemnity Insurance policy is a requirement to receive this category of license

20.     Which one of the following is not true about practicing law?

A.      Practicing law without a license is a crime

B.      A person can represent his spouse in a court of law without having a license

C.      Graduation from law school is a pre condition to become an advocate

D.      Any Ethiopian can practice law

Section II: Say true if the statement is correct and false if the statement is in correct? (5%) (One Point Each)

1. Procuring the means or creating the conditions for the commission of a crime is not always punishable under Ethiopian Law.

2. Human rights provisions of regional constitutions in Ethiopia can deviate from their federal counterpart so long as they provide a better protection.

3. Tax withholding is the process of depositing money to be credited later against one’s tax liability

4. The difference between first past the post system and proportional representation electoral systems lies in the fact that the former takes place in multi-member district whereas it is in single districts in the latter.

5. A consistent General Practice of states is what separates Habitual acts and acts of Courtesy from acts required by law

45 replies »

  1. Hi, Just referred the address and I found it extremely helpful…If that is possible, Just need the exit exam for 2010-2012.

  2. I am third year law student in Debre Markos University. I would like to give a good thanks to you because you inform and give a good instance to law about exit exam to law school are doing what you country expected from you, therefore we/students of law school/ are proud of you.
    Lastly,please attache whatever necessary sources including those exit exams through

  3. I would like to said think you for help law student, please! post by my email address, exit exam with ansewer. I am 3rd year law student

  4. I wonder for you help an Ethiopian students in this way, please attach the other essential materials.

  5. THANKS sir, you played a geart role in achieving the knowledge of students in law school . i am second year law student in Arbaminch university . even if our school is young, you helped us in the way to achieve our desired goal. if it is possible please attach all exit exams on my email . thanks for all.

  6. To my understanding the exit exam items do not fulfill the requirement a test should have/reliability,validity, objectivity and others/. Because you constructed 25 items out of ten-twenty course, how come

  7. hello dear, how are you? I have get too much important knowledge from you work. but Still I need the exit exam in 2012. If you can please help me.

  8. I am TESFA GETINET FROM ADAMA UNIVERSITY!! you are a genius person that I have not seen every everywhere like you.One thing I need from u is to help me the 2011/2012 exit exam of law students of Ethiopia to attach to my email address.
    With best regards!
    Tesfa Getinet
    thank you!!!!!!!!!!!!

  9. Ur work is great. I couldn’t find last years exit exam nor this years schedul. I think ethiopian law school has a big homework to do on this. And also there r number of changes every year concerning legal education which discourages the students. Simply no uniformity.pleas if u could help me attach last yrs exit exam with answers. Best wishs

  10. first more thanks to u friend as my bieng law student of one of our universities i fully satisfied the exam. and i hope the sprit of the exam is only cheking what is extent of knowledge(law) the student succeded from his class. there fore if this the point in my opinion it best if u didnot include name of shcolarrs from the exam like:aristotle, socrate, tilahun teshome etc. after this more thanks to u.

  11. well i got it important what remains is technical problems when you search such is good than nothing.

    wow !!!! this is amazig site for true searchers of knowledge!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  13. Ato Fikadu,
    I really would like to thank you for all your help. You are doing what your country is expected your proffesion as well.
    I am a second year law student at Adama university, there I take the law as my umbrella and resist other law breakers. Look, sometimes, you may get anyone when he break the law who you did not expect. The law will save me.
    I hope I will be successful lawyer. I wish i were in Haramaya University to be your student!!!

  14. Gash fekadu,How are you ? I am your customer of your web site I get so many things which help me for my law knowledge.Thank you in Advance .I want to ask you is that if you have time please attach me the 2010-2011 exit exam with its possible answers .Thi help me that Iwill take an exit exam for 2011-2012
    Dessalegn From Bahir Dar University

  15. well done! how can we get the exam papers for PART 1 And PART 3.please do some thing. u r the real lawyer!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

  16. i have seen the hole parts of this’s fine but why it is more of objective??we are expecting to be lawyers isn’t it?so why not a case at all?

  17. first thanks for the document you have attached in my email subscription since I am engaged with urban local development in Somali regional state of Ethiopia I need regulations Ethiopian urban or city administrations which concerned with institutional structural and over all development guide lines,

    • Hello dear I am going to take exit exam this year but still now I don’t have any information how many lessons and which course shall I take.So if you know please let me know them.thank you very much for your help

      • Wow!! You truely done what expecteted from real legal professitional.hence,you are diligent and matured enough.keep it up our hero.How ever,what if question be objective? Thankyou.

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