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Guide to Judicial Review Jurisdiction of Federal Courts

Inherent power of review

Do courts in Ethiopia have an inherent power to review the legality of administrative actions? Most legal scholars in Ethiopia are strong adherents of the ‘inherent power’ approach arguing that courts have inherent power to review acts of administrative agencies. However, such an argument is unpalatable to the Cassation Bench. In one case submitted to the bench (Ethiopian privatization and public enterprises supervising agency Vs. heirs of Ato Nur Beza, Casation File Number 23608 date Hidar 3-2000 E.C.) it was held that the source of judicial power in Ethiopia is statute. Courts do not have inherent judicial power and there is no legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions.

In spite of the strong words of the bench, not all cases involving judicial review of administrative action are rejected for lack of ‘inherent’ judicial power.  When a directive was challenged on the ground of ultra-virus (beyond power) neither the lower courts nor the cassation bench rejected the legal action on procedural grounds i.e. lack of inherent judicial power or the absence a legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions (See Ethiopian National Bank Vs. 1. Hibret Insurance Company 2.Mr. Eyesuswork Zafu 3. Mr. Workeshet Bekele Demisie Cassation File Number 44226 Date Tahesas 15-2003 E.C.) The Federal First Instance Court invalidated some provisions of the directive and its decision was affirmed by the appellate Federal High Court. Both decisions of the lower courts were overturned by the Cassation Bench, but unlike the Ethiopian privatization case (Casation File Number 23608) it was not on procedural grounds. On substantive grounds, the bench stated that the issuance of the directive is within the scope of the power of the Bank.

Now, let’s leave the issue of the inherent judicial power of review and turn to statutory review. To what extent is statutory review available in Ethiopia? In general terms, a legal framework governing the judicial review of administrative actions (if that is to mean a single statute governing judicial review of administrative actions) is not yet available. However, different legislations clearly provide for reviewable administrative actions including which specific court has a power of review. These legislations are scattered here and there making it difficult to determine the scope of the power of courts and the extent of availability of review.

What follows is a summary of legal provisions providing a statutory review. I have tried to make the list comprehensive. Please let me know if a relevant proclamation is not included.

Finally, as you can see there four categories;

  • Federal first Instance Court
  • Federal High Court
  • Federal Supreme Court and
  • Regular Courts.

The reference to regular courts is due to the lack of clarity of the statute. When the law says “An employee aggrieved by the administrative decision of the top management may present his case to the regular courts” it is difficult to be certain as to which court it is referring to.

Federal First Instance Court

Proclamation No. 568/2008 Right to Employment of Persons with Disability Proclamation

Article 7/1

Any person with disability who alleges that discrimination on the ground of his disability existed with respect to recruitment, promotion, placement, transfer or other conditions of employment may institute a suit to the competent court on the issue without the requirement of the burden of proof

Article 10/1

Any person with disability whose rights are infringed due to non-observance of the provisions of this Proclamation regulations or directives issued for the proper implementation of this proclamation or the association of persons with disabilities of which he is a member, or the trade union of which he is a member, or the concerned organ entrusted to implement this Proclamation may institute a suit before the competent court.

Proclamation No. 590/2008    Freedom of the Mass Media and Access to Information Proclamation

Article 34/1

Any person who is aggrieved by a decision of  the  ombudsman[i]  may  lodge  an  appeal against that decision within thirty days to the Federal  First  Instance  Court  in  the  case  of federal public bodies or to the Regional High Court in case of regional public bodies.

Article 40

Any  person  whose  right  of  reply  is  refused may  apply  to  the  court  to  compel  the  chief editor of the periodical or program  to insert the reply in the press.

Proclamation No. 602/2008 Coffee Quality Control and Marketing Proclamation

Article 16

The Federal First Instance Court shall have jurisdiction on criminal matters provided under Article 15[ii] of this Proclamation.

Proclamation No.632/2009 Employment Exchange Services Proclamation

Article 29/1  

A  private employment  agency which  is aggrieved by  a  decision of  the competent authority to suspend or revoke its license may appeal to the Federal First Instance Court or to a  regional high  court within  15  days after  the decision has been served to it.


[i] See article 33 sub article 3 of the  Proclamation No. 590/2008    Freedom of the Mass Media and Access to Information Proclamation regarding the power of the ombudsman

[ii] Article 15 Penalties

1/ Any coffee processor who fails to comply with the appropriate technical procedures and thereby causes damage to the quality of the coffee or the local community shall have his processing plant closed and be prohibited from transporting his coffee to transaction centers, and unless punishable by greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 20,000 and an imprisonment of not less than one year but not exceeding three years.

2/ Any person engaged in coffee transaction outside transaction centers established by the Ministry or by an appropriate regional body or the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange shall, in addition to confiscation of his coffee, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 20,000 and an imprisonment of not less than one year but not exceeding three years.

3/ Any person who, without notifying the appropriate body, stores and tenders for sell coffee outside the authorized time and place, shall, in addition to confiscation of the coffee, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 30,000 and in imprisonment of not less than one year but not exceeding three years.

4/ Any person who unlawfully or in an inappropriate manner transports coffee shall, in addition to confiscation of the coffee, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 50,000 and an imprisonment of not less than three years but not exceeding five years.

5/ Any person who sells unfrosted coffee or processed roasted coffee that is of export standard in the domestic market shall, in addition to confiscation of the coffee, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 50,000 and an imprisonment of not less than three years but not exceeding five years.

6/ Any person who owns a vehicle apprehended transporting illegal coffee, shall, in addition to confiscation of the coffee, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 50,000 and an imprisonment of not less than three years but not exceeding five years;

7/ Any person who commits any manipulative act in relation to coffee quality and marketing, shall, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 50,000 and an imprisonment of not less than three years but not exceeding five years;

8/ Any person who illegally diverts and transports coffee legally authorized for transportation to the appropriate inspection centers or to the auction centers or to the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange shall, unless punishable with a greater penalty as per any other relevant law, be penalized by a fine of Birr 100,000 and an imprisonment of not less than five years but not exceeding ten years.

Federal High Court

Regulation No. 115/2005 Ethiopian Water Resources Management Regulations

Article 36/1/ (e)

The party against whose a decision[i] is given shall have the obligation to be bound thereby; however a party disfavored shall have the right to appeal to the court having jurisdiction

Coffee Quality Control and Transaction Council of Ministers Regulation No. 161/200922
Article 22/3

The owner of coffee who objects the decision referred to in sub-article (2)(b) of this Article[ii] may lodge his appeal to the federal high court or the regional high court, as appropriate, within 30 days from the date of receipt of the decision.

Regulation No. 169/2009 Access to Genetic Resources and Community Knowledge, and Community Rights Council of Ministers

Article 20
Claims arising in relation to the implementation of the standard material transfer agreements may be presented to the Federal High Court

Regulation No. 178/2010 Sesame and White Pea Beans Transaction Council of Ministers

Article 10/4

Any applicant who is dissatisfied with the decision of the Ministry[iii] or the appropriate regional organ may, within 10 working days from the date of receipt of the decision, appeal to the Minister or the head of the appropriate regional organ, as appropriate. If the applicant is dissatisfied with the decision of the Minister or head of the appropriate regional organ, he may appeal, on question of law, to the federal or regional high court, as appropriate, within 20 working days from the date of receipt of the decision.
Article 20/3

The owner of sesame or white pea beans who objects the decisions referred to in sub-article (2) (b) of this Article[iv] may lodge his appeal to the Federal High Court or the Regional High Court, as appropriate, within 30 days from the date of receipt of the decision

Proclamation No. 191/2000 Ethiopian Water Resources Management Proclamation

Article 9/2

A party aggrieved by the decision of the Supervising body may, pursuant to Sub-Article (1) of the Article[v], appeal to the Court of competent jurisdiction within 60 days following receipt of the decision; provided, however, that no such appeal shall be admitted after the expiry of the 60 days

Proclamation No. 199/2000 Federal Courts Advocates Licensing and Registration & Proclamation

Article 29/1

The person who is aggrieved by the decision of the Minister[vi] may, where the decision has an error of law, appeal to the Federal High Court within thirty days from receipt of such a decision.

Proclamation No. 377/2003 Labour Proclamation

Article 139(1)

The labour division of the regional court which hears appeals from the regional first instance court shall have jurisdiction to hear and decide on the following matters:

c)    Appeals submitted against the refusal of the registration of an organization by the Ministry in accordance with Article 122[vii] of this Proclamation
d)    Appeals submitted by an employer who is affected by the order of labour inspector in accordance with Article 180 (1)[viii] of this Proclamation;
e)    Appeals submitted against the decision of the Ministry in accordance with Sub-Article (3) of Article 20[ix]

Article 140(1)

The labour division of the Federal High Court shall have jurisdiction to hear and decide on appeals against the decision of the Board on question of law in accordance with Article 154[x] of this Proclamation

Article 180(1) Appeal

1) Where the employer is dissatisfied with the order given in accordance with Sub-Articles (1) and (2) of Article 179, he may appeal to the authority responsible to determine labour disputes court within five working days, provided, however that there shall not be a stay of execution where the order is given to avert an imminent danger pursuant to Article 179 (2)(b)

Proclamation No. 378/2003 Ethiopian Nationality Proclamation

Article 19/6

Any Ethiopian who is not issued with a certificate of release in accordance with Sub-Article (5[xi]) of this Article shall have the right to appeal to the competent court

Proclamation No. 402/2004 Cooperative Societies (Amendment) Proclamation

Article 2/9

Where the general assembly of a society suspended pursuant to Sub Articles 8[xii] of this Article submits its request to reverse the decision for suspension and where the appropriate authority found the request appropriate, it may reverse the decision for suspension. Where the appropriate authority did not reverse the suspension it shall give a written explanation to the General Assembly of the society.

The General Assembly may appeal to the higher court which has jurisdiction on the decision made by the appropriate Authority

Proclamation No. 147/1998 Cooperative Societies Proclamation

Article 9/4

When the appropriate authority rejects the application for the registration of a society, it shall give a written explanation to the representatives of the society within 15 days. The representatives may appeal to the high court which has jurisdiction on the decision of the appropriate authority

Proclamation No. 481/2005 Plant Breeders’ Right Proclamation

Article 30

A party who is aggrieved of a decision on the granting, refusal, revocation or restriction of a plant breeders’ right may lodge an appeal to the federal high court within sixty days from the date of receipt of the decision.

Proclamation No. 551/2007 Ethiopia Commodity Exchange Authority Proclamation

Article 19/3

Suspension or revocation under Sub Article (1[xiii]) of this Article shall be final and conclusive, unless within 30 days after such suspension or revocation by the Authority such person appeals to the Federal High Court.

Article 26/3

Such suspension or revocation[xiv] shall be final and conclusive, unless within 30 days after such suspension or revocation by the Authority such person appeals to the Federal High Court.

Article 33

Any party adversely affected by the decision of the Authority under Article 32[xv] of this Proclamation may petition the Federal High Court. The Court shall base its decision upon an examination of all the information before the Authority at the time the determination was made. The court shall not enter an injunction unless it has determined, after notice and hearing before the court that the Authority action complained of was arbitrary, not supported by the weight of evidence or established rules of law, an abuse of discretion, or otherwise not in accordance with law.

Proclamation No. 573/2008 The Revised Political Parties Registration Proclamation 

Article 9/10

Where a body finds the decisions of the Board in accordance with sub article (9)[xvi] of this Article unacceptable, it may petition to the Federal High Court within 14 days it received the notice of such refusal; the body which has petitioned shall be deemed to have legal personality for such purpose and the official elected in accordance with the by-laws of the party and signed on the application for registration shall be deemed the lawful representative of the party.

Article 30/2

Where a member is expelled from party membership contrary to the bylaws of the party, the member may file a petition at the Federal High Court with in three months from the date of the notification of such decision of expulsion.

Article 39/3

A political party that objects the decision of the Board according to this Article[xvii] may appeal, within 14 days from receiving such decision, to the Federal High Court.

Proclamation No. 592/2008 Banking Business Proclamation

Article 32/5

Any person aggrieved by the decision of the National Bank to revoke the license in accordance with sub-article (1)(b) of this Article may petition to the Federal High Court within 30 days from the effective date of the revocation.

Article 47/1

An appeal against the action of any receiver may be brought before the Federal High Court within 30 days from the date on which such action has been taken.

Proclamation No. 608/2008 Income Tax (Amendment) Proclamation

Article 10/ Sub article (1) of Article 112 of the Proclamation [Income Tax Proclamation No. 286/2002] is repealed and replaced by the following new sub article (1):

“1/  Any  party  dissatisfied  with  a  decision  of the Appeal Commission, on the ground that it is erroneous on any matter of law, may appeal to the  competent court of appeal within 30 days from the date of receipt of the written decision of the Appeal Commission.”

Proclamation No. 612/2008 Stamp Duty (Amendment) Proclamation

Article12/1

Any party dissatisfied with the decision of the Tax Appeal Commission may appeal to the competent court of appeal on the ground that it is erroneous on any matter of law within 30 days from the date of receipt of the decision of the Tax Appeal Commission..

Article 104/3/ 

Notwithstanding Sub-article (2) of this Article, Ethiopian Charity or Society aggrieved by the decision of the Board may appeal to the Federal High Court within 15 days from the date of the decision.

Proclamation No. 626 /2009 Micro-Financing Business Proclamation

Article 8/5

Any  person  aggrieved  by  the  decision  of  the National  Bank  to  revoke  the  license  of  a micro-financing  institution in accordance  with sub-article  (1)[xviii]  of  this  Article  may  petition  to the  Federal  High  Court  within  30  days  from the effective date of the revocation.

Proclamation No. 685/2010 Trade Practice and Consumers’ Protection Proclamation

Article 53

Any person aggrieved by adjudicative decision of the  Authority  [Trade  Practice  and  Consumers  Protection  Authority] may  appeal  to  the  Federal  High Court  with  in  sixty  days  from  the  date  of  the decision of the Authority

Proclamation No. 681/2010 Vehicles Identification, Inspection and Registration Proclamation

Article 48/4    

A person aggrieved with the imposition of fines  pursuant  to  the  provisions  of  sub-article  (1)[xix]  of  this  Article  may  lodge  an appeal  to  the  competent  court  within  30 days  from  the  date  of  the  decision  of  the appropriate organ

Proclamation No. 678/2010 Mining Operations Proclamation

Article 76/3

Any party aggrieved by the decision of the arbitration[xx] may lodge an appeal to the concerned court

Proclamation No.662/2009    Proclamation on the Electoral Code of Conduct for Political Parties

Article10/2

Any party shall submit grievances only to the joint council, the Board or to the courts of law.


[i] The decision of arbitrators established to solve disputes between water use permit holder the supervising body (Ministry of Water Resources now restructured as Ministry of Water and Energy or any organ delegated by the Ministry)

[ii] Article 20

1) Any person whose coffee is seized or coffee warehouse is sealed pursuant to sub-article (3) of Article 20 of this Regulation may submit his objection to the Ministry or appropriate regional organ within five working days.
2) The Ministry or the appropriate regional organ shall, within one week, examine and decide on the objection. Where the decision of the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ:-
(a) disapproves the actions of the inspector, the release of the seized coffee or the opening of the sealed coffee warehouse shall be immediately effected:
(b) approves the actions of the inspector, the coffee shall, after retaining sample, be sold to a supplier authorized to buy coffee at a primary coffee transaction center where it is red cherry or sun dried, to an exporter where it is supply coffee or to a wholesaler or coffee roaster where it is domestic consumption coffee at the Ethiopia Commodity Exchange, and the proceeds of the sale shall be deposited in a blocked bank account opened in the name of the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ

[iii] Article 10

1/ Any person who wants to acquire a certificate of competence pursuant to this Regulation may present his application to the appropriate regional organ or, in case of an exporter, to the Ministry.
2/ The application shall contain evidences showing the fulfillment of the requirements provided for in this Regulation with respect to the issuance of the certificate of competence in question and other information that may be required pursuant to the directives to be issued by the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ.
3/ When the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ rejects the application, it shall state, in detail, the reasons for the rejection

[iv] Article 23 Seized Sesame or White Bea Beans
1/ Any person whose sesame or white pea beans has been seized or his sesame or white pea beans warehouse had been sealed under sub-Article (3) of Article 21 of this Regulation may present his objection, within five working days, to the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ.
2/ The Ministry or the appropriate regional organ shall, within one week, examine and decide on the objection. Where the decision of the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ:
(a)    disapproves the actions of  the inspector, the release of the seized sesame or white pea beans or the opening of the sealed sesame or white pea beans warehouse shall be immediately effected;
(b)    approves the actions of the inspector, the sesame or white pea beans shall, after retaining sample, be sold to suppliers at primary transaction centers or to exporters at the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange where it is supply sesame or white pea beans or to exporters at the Ethiopian Commodity Exchange where it is export sesame or white pea beans, and the proceeds of the sale shall be deposited in a blocked bank account opened in the name of  the Ministry or the appropriate regional organ

[v] Article 9/1

The supervising body may, in accordance with procedures to be laid down by regulations to be issued pursuant to this proclamation, examine and decide disputes between permit holders, as well as between a permit holder and a third party concerning rights or obligations arising from permits. The Supervising body shall also have the power to determine and execute compensation to be paid by one party to the other

[vi] The decision of the Minister as regards disciplinary measure against an advocate or a decision rejecting an application for advocate’s license

[vii] Article 122.    Appeal
Where the Ministry refuses registration of the organization, the organization may appeal to the competent court within fifteen days (15) from the date of the receipt of the decision in writing. During the hearing, the Ministry shall be given the opportunity to appear before the court and forward its opinion

[viii] Article 180   Apeal
1.    Where the employer is dissatisfied with the order given in accordance with Sub-Article (1) and (2) of Article 179, he may appeal to the authority responsible to determine labour disputes court within five working days, provided, however that there shall not be a stay of execution where the order is given to avert an imminent danger pursuant to Article 179(2)(b).
2.    The decision given on the appeal filed in accordance with Sub-Article (1) of this Article shall be final. Where the employer does not appeal within the time limit, the decision shall be executed by the appellate court

[ix] Article 20  Determination by the Ministry
1.    The Ministry shall determine the existence of a good cause for suspension within 3 days after receipt of the written information pursuant to Article 19.
2.    Where the Ministry finds that there is no good cause for suspension it shall order the resumption of the work and payment for the days on which the worker was suspended.
3.    The party who is aggrieved by the decision of the Minister in accordance with Sub-Articles (1) and (2) of this Article may, within five working days, appeal to the competent labour court.

[x] Article 154 Appeal
1.    In any Labour dispute case and appeal may be taken to the Federal High Court by an aggrieved party on questions of law, within thirty (30) days after the decision has been read to, or served upon, the parties whichever is earlier.
2.    The court shall have the power to uphold, reverse or modify the decision of the Board.
3.    The court shall give its decision within thirty days from the date on which the appeal is submitted to it in accordance with Article 1 of this Article

[xi] Article 19 (5)   Renunciation of Ethiopian Nationality
The Authority shall, upon ascertaining that the provisions of this Article [i.e. Article 19] are complied with, issue the applicants with a certificate stating the effective date of his release

[xii] Article 2(8)

8. Where any society is found operating out of the objectives for which it is established, it may be suspended by the appropriate authority from carrying out activities permitted by this law

[xiii] Article 19. Power to Suspend or withdraw Recognition of an Exchange Actor

1/ The Authority is authorized to suspend for a period not to exceed 180 days or to revoke the recognition of any Exchange Actor on a showing that such Exchange Actor has violated any provisions of this Proclamation or the directives of the Authority.

2/Suspension or revocation under Sub Article (1) of this Article shall only be after a notice to such Exchange Actor and upon a hearing on the record

[xiv] Article 26. Powers to suspend or withdraw recognition of a Clearing Institution

1/ The Authority is authorized to suspend for a period not to exceed 180 days or to revoke the recognition of any Clearing Institution on a showing that the, operation, and procedures of the Clearing Institution do not conform to the requirements of the Authority.

2/ Such suspension or revocation shall only be after a notice to the officers of the Clearing Institution affected and upon a hearing on the record;

[xv] 32. Power of the Authority

When the Authority has reason to, believe that an, emergency exists, it may direct a Commodity Exchange to take action which is necessary to maintain or restore orderly trading, including but not limited to:

1/ liquidation of any contracts;

2/ temporary suspension of tradil1g on any contract;

3/ setting of temporary emergency margin levels on any contract; and

4/ fixing limits that may apply to a market position acquired in good faith prior to the effective date of the Authority’s action

[xvi] Article 9(9)

Where  the  Board  rejects  the  application  for registration  by  the  political  party,  the  Board shall inform its refusal by a written notice.

[xvii] Article 9 Cancelling Registration of Political Party upon the Decision of the Board

1) The Board may cancel the registration of a political party in one of the following reasons:

a) the political party has not notified the Board according to the provisions of this Proclamation when it changes its name, emblem, document, leadership, auditor, head office and other similar change;

b) the political party fails to submit to the Board, as required by the provision of this Proclamation, annual performance, audit, or other periodical reports;

c) the political party fails for two successive election terms to participate at general or local elections;

d) the political party has been registered by fraud or by presenting deceitful document, or when requested pursuant to this Proclamation, the political party submits to the Board a false document.

2) The Board may give a written notice reminding the party to conform to the law, when it ascertains that the political party has violated the provisions of this Proclamation. If the political party fails to conform according to the notice, the Board may cancel the registration of the party.

[xviii] Article 8    Revocation of License

1/  The National Bank may revoke the license of a micro-financing institution where:

a)  it is confirmed that the license was issued on the basis of false information; or

b)  the  institution  has  failed  to  commence operations within 12 months following the  grant of the license

[xix] Article 48   Penalty

1/    Any person who:

a)  presents  his  vehicle  for  inspection after  the  expiry  of  the  regular  annual inspection  period  shall  be  punished with a fine of Birr 100 for each fifteen days of delay;

b)  operates  his  vehicle,  although  inspected, without  affixing  annual  inspection  sticker or  violating  the  prohibitions  provided under sub-article (2), (3) and (4) of Article 42  of  this  Proclamation  shall  be  punished with  a  fine  of  birr  200  (two  hundred birr). Operates  his  vehicle  while  bearing mutilated  or  not  properly  visible identification  number  plate  shall  be punished  with  a  fine  of  birr  500  (five hundred birr);

c)  operates  a  vehicle  which  has  not undergone  annual  inspection  or  while required  to  do  so,  this  to  transfer  the vehicle’s  title  certificate  book  in  his own  name  within  six  months  shall  be punished  with  fine  of  birr  700  (seven hundred birr);

d)  operates  a  vehicle  without  observing  the written  instruction  of  the  appropriate  organ  to  fix  defects  observed  on  the vehicle’s  body  with  in  five  working  days shall  be  punished  with  a  fine  of  birr  1000 (one thousand birr)

d)  operates  a  vehicle  without  observing  the written  instruction  of  the  appropriate  organ  to  fix  defects  observed  on  the vehicle’s  body  with  in  five  working  days shall  be  punished  with  a  fine  of  birr  1000 (one thousand birr).

[xx] 76.   Settlement of Dispute

1/  Any dispute, controversy or claim between the  Licensing  Authority  and  a  licensee arising  out  of,  or  relating  to  an  agreement for  reconnaissance,  exploration,  retention or  mining,  or  the  interpretation,  breach  or termination  thereof  shall,  to  the  extent possible, be resolved through negotiation.

2/  In  the  event  that  agreement  cannot  be reached through negotiations, the case shall be settled by arbitration in accordance with the  procedures  specified  in  the  agreement. An  arbitral  award  shall  be  final  and binding upon the parties.

Federal Supreme Court

Proclamation No. 515/2007 Federal Civil Servants Proclamation

Article 76/2

The decision of the Administrative tribunal on question of facts shall be final; provided, however, that anyone of the parties may appeal to the Federal Supreme Court on question of law within 30 days from the date of the decision of the Administrative Tribunal

Proclamation No. 532/2007 the Amended Electoral Law of Ethiopia Proclamation 

Article 92/6

Except for Articles 79, 90 and 91 of this Proclamation, any candidate of a political organization or private candidate may object to the decision or order given by the Board and appeal to the Federal Supreme Court.

Article 96/4/  

A complainant dissatisfied by the decision of the Board may appeal to the Federal Supreme Court in 5 days.

Proclamation No. 612/2008 Stamp Duty (Amendment) Proclamation

Article 12/3

Any party who is dissatisfied with the decision of the appellate court may make an appeal to the next court of appeal within 30 days from the date of the decision.

Proclamation No. 714/2011 Public Servants’ Pension Proclamation

Article 56/4/

The  decision  of  the  Tribunal [Social Security Appeal Tribunal] given  in accordance with sub-article (3) of this Article shall  be  final;  provided,  however,  that  any party  may  appeal  to  the  Federal  Supreme Court  within  30  days,  if  there  is  a fundamental error of law in the decision.

Proclamation No. 715/2011 Private Organization Employees’ Pension Proclamation

Article 56/4

The decision of the  Tribunal  [Social Security Appeal Tribunal] given  in accordance with sub-article (3) of this Article shall  be  final;  provided,  however,  that  any party  may  appeal  to  the  Federal  Supreme Court  within  30  days,  if  there  is  a fundamental error of law in the decision

Regular Courts

Regulation No. 157/2008 Administration of the employees of the National Bank of Ethiopia Council of Ministers

Article 40/3

An employee aggrieved by the administrative decision of the top management may present his case to the regular courts

Proclamation No. 206/20006 Seed Proclamation

Article 33

Any person aggrieved by measures taken pursuant to this Proclamation may appeal to an appropriate regular court within 30 days after he is notified of the decision

Proclamation No. 686/2010 Commercial Registration and Business Licensing Proclamation

Article 61

Any person or a business person or a commercial representative  against  whom  an administrative decision  has  been  taken  by  the  registering  office or  the  appropriate  authority  may  lodge  appeal  in connection  with  his  complaints  to  regular  courts only on matters of law

Proclamation No. 728/2011 Veterinary Drug  and  Feed  Administration  and  Control Proclamation

Article 25

1/  Any  person  who  is  aggrieved  of  the  denial, suspension  or  revocation  of  a  certificate  of competence  or  professional  license  may  lodge his complaint within 30 working days from the date of decision to the complaint handling body established by the appropriate organ

2/  The  body  that  has  received  a  complaint  in accordance  with  sub-article  (1)  of  this  Article shall  render  its  decision  within  30  working days.

3/    When the petitioner has not get decision within the  time  specified  under  sub-article  (2)  of  this Article or dissatisfied with the decision, he may submit the case to regular court

Proclamation No. 455/2005 Expropriation of Landholdings for Public Purposes and Payment of Compensation Proclamation

Article 11/4

A party dissatisfied with a decision, rendered in accordance with Sub-Article (1) and (3) of this Article may appeal, as may be appropriate, to the regular appellate court or municipal appellate court within 30 days from the date of the decision. The decision of the court shall be final

Proclamation No. 300/2002 Environmental Pollution Control Proclamation

Article 9 Right to Appeal

1) Any person dissatisfied with any of the measures taken by the inspector may appeal to the Head of the Authority or the relevant regional environmental agency, as the case may be, within ten days from the date on which the measure was taken.

2) Any person dissatisfied because no decision has been given as provided under Sub-Article (1) of this Article, or feels that the decision given is inappropriate, may institute a court case within thirty days from the date on which the decision was given or the deadline for decision has elapsed.

Article 11 Right to standing

1) Any person shall have, without the need to show any vested interest, the right to lodge a complaint at the Authority or the relevant regional environmental agency against any person allegedly causing actual or potential damage to the environment.

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10 replies »

  1. WELL DONE MY Former Teacher it is always my pleasure to read u’r blogs…keep up the good work.

  2. it is an amazing articulation on judicial review Abrish. It is not a researched area and your work gives an insight for further research.

  3. Hello, Abreham this is meron am a law graduate and am a new member to ur website and also i follow ur program in radio, so, with all do respect i was wondering if u update me on new casation decisions and overall information u have. Besides, i know its my duty to update my self but i would like to share what u have. Thank you.

  4. yes its an excellent and outstanding because Administrative law,” as a branch of public law, governs the relationship of the state and its citizens. Specifically, it regulates the manner of exercising power by the executive branch of government and administrative agencies so as to ensure its legal limits. Ultimately, by controlling power, it provides protection to the citizen against ultravires acts, abuse of power and arbitrariness”.

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