Draft Laws


Article 7


  1. A person shall be disqualified from admission as an advocate if he:
    1. is convicted of an offence involving dishonesty and fraud; or
    2. has been declared bankrupt in the past five years or his finances are in such a state that insolvency proceedings have been started against the applicant; or
    3. had been disbarred and two years have not lapsed since the disbarment decision had come into force; or
    4. is dismissed or removed from employment or public office or any charge involving dishonesty and fraud; or
    5. has another full-time government or private occupation, except the position of law instructors in higher educational institutions.
  2. An advocate may not concurrently be a member of the legislative or the executive body of the government.
  3. A person shall not be disqualified by race, gender, ethnicity, religion, or any other immutable characteristics from being admitted, qualified or licensed in order to engage in legal practice.

Article 8

Foreign Advocates

No foreign citizen may be admitted as an advocate in Ethiopia unless he:

  1. holds a valid identification card of Ethiopian origin;
  2. is of good moral character;[3] and
  3. is qualified to practice law in a foreign jurisdiction; and
  4. produces evidence that certifies he has passed the admission examination as may be prescribed by the Federal Bar.

Article 9


  1. A written examination for the admission of persons as advocates shall be held at least twice a year. The procedure, agenda and time for holding the examination shall be determined by the Federal
  2. The written examination shall be held in the working language of the Federal Government.
  3. A person who has successfully completed an admission examination shall receive a certifying document from the Federal Bar.
  4. A certifying document issued pursuant to Sub-article 3 of this Article shall be invalid if a person does not start legal practice within 1 year after passing the examination.

Article 10


  1. The traineeship required for admission shall be fulfilled if an applicant can prove that he has served under the supervision of an advocate, or in a law firm, or as a pleader or went through a practical training program for two (2) years.
  2. An apprenticeship conducted after graduation shall be considered as a traineeship for the purpose of admission. The period of apprenticeship shall be two (2) years. An apprentice shall not be precluded from receiving remuneration from his supervisor.
  3. Where an apprentice attends the course of instruction concurrently with his period of apprenticeship, the period spent in attendance at such course of instruction shall not be counted for the purpose of

Article 11

Application for Admission

  1. Admission to the advocates’ profession shall be granted upon the submission of a written application by a person to the Federal Bar.
  2. An application for admission shall be submitted together with documents evidencing the fulfillment of the requirements for admission.
  3. The Federal Bar shall make a decision on an application for admission within one month following the submission of a complete application by the applicant.
  4. A stay of the admission decision is lawful only if procedures are pending that might lead to a rejection of an application.

Sub-section Two – Licensing

Article 12


  1. An admission is legally valid only when a license is issued by the Federal Bar.
  2. A person who fulfills the requirements of the law and provides proof of a professional indemnity insurance that meets the requirements of this Proclamation shall be issued a license.
  3. Before the issuance of a license, the applicant shall make a written declaration. Subject to any necessary modifications to conform to the religious beliefs of the applicant, the declaration shall be in the following form:
    1. I, [applicant’s name], do solemnly and sincerely declare and swear that I will truly and honestly conduct myself in the practice of an advocate of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia according to the best of my knowledge, ability and according to the Constitution and all laws in effect.”
  4. When the admission committee confirms that the requirements for admission are fulfilled, a license shall be issued by the Federal Bar to the applicant.
  5. The license to be issued to a person may relate to a general or limited practice.

Article 13

Special Advocacy License

  1. A person or an institution that defends the general interests and rights of the society and renders the services free of charge shall be issued with a special advocacy license.
  2. When a special advocacy license is issued to an institution, the institution has the obligation to make sure that the services are rendered by or under the supervision of a licensed advocate.
  3. The institution and the advocate in charge shall be responsible for maintaining the standard and ensuring compliance with the law in rendering the services.
  4. Any person who has an advocacy license and meets the requirements specified in Sub-article 1 of this Article may render advocacy services without a special advocacy license. However, he shall notify the Federal Bar before rendering such a service.
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13 replies »

  1. Dear Abraham :first of all wants to grateful you for all your doings from the on set of this page.This page is from where we can get a lot of ideas as regard with the countries and foreign laws.In some instances I use to see some unusual users who are not informed of this page is a common page for a lot of persons and instead try to quarrel with their idea opponents.If we under stand the( why for this page is established) we have to avoid non academics and vulgar ideas and words that doesn’t add a value.

  2. I suggest that a provision that enables advocates to work in private organization as permanent employee like university lecturers, health professionals etc, depending on the agreement to be made b/n the employer and the advocate. B/se the existing proclamation which denies this right is discriminating when it is seen with other professionals who are legally permitted to work simultaneously as permanent employee and privately being licensed even in government institution. The law which denies the advocates this right is also against the advocates’ social security.

  3. As a lawyer , my views are goes to Article 6 &122 of the draft proc, respectively. .is there A lawyer also for English . will take you a custody ASSAP

  4. As a lawyer , my views are goes to Article 6 &122 of the draft proc, respectively. Article 6 of the draft proclamation it does not comprised the rest of of lawyers who are currently engaged in different government and non governmental organisation and it also stipulates the minimum 2 years experiance that enables to be an advocate in federal first instance court as per the content of previous proclamation. The draft proc, it does not mentioned the stages of advocates considering that the hierarchy of the federal court even though these are exhaustively take part in to account in the directive and regulation. The procl, it does not give as any clue about this junctures. The Second one is , Article 122 of these draft proclamation is not reasonable and persuasive. It provides in order to be an advocate having LLB degree is not required until 2027. which means that, it is tolerable to be an advocate with in diploma. I think that, Most of the drafters are intentionally elongated up to 2027 /for about 15 years in order to benefit the old lawyer who were slept on the society with out updating them selves with in contemporary modern legislations and practically to close the door on the young lawyers via playing on those patient society am highly objected these mysterious and funny act. And it is better if it is corrected before the approval of the proclamation. These are my few views but if I am deeply looked over it no doubt as to enormous problems are found on the draft. You have to leave the tournament of the game for the Young’s.

    • Don’t bother about others lawyers academic qualities. Only try your best to make your legal knowledge excellent. I darely speak to you that those old lawyers are much better than the today young lawyers.

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