Article 47 of the Ethiopian Constitution stipulates that the Benishangul-Gumuz National Regional State is one of the nine regions in Ethiopia. With the recently formed Sidama State, Ethiopia will have ten states.
It is known that before the 1987 FDRE constitution came into force, the region was used to be governed under the name (Region 6). Its regional capital is Asosa. However, after the adoption of the 1995 constitution, the region was created in the western part of Gojjam district (north of the Nile River) and in the northwest part of Welega province (south of the Nile). The name of the region comes from two local nationalities; Berta or Benishangul and Gumuz.
Although the region is named after the two nations, Berta / Benishangul-Gumuz and Gumuz, it is also home to a large number of other ethnic groups. For example, the Amhara (25.41%), Berta (21.69%), Oromo (13.55%), Shinasha (7.73%) and Agew-Awi (4.22%) ethnic groups and others (data from 1999 census).
ADDIS ABABA (Reuters) – Armed militia men killed more than 30 people in the Metakal zone of Ethiopia’s Benishangul-Gumuz region(September 26).The attacks, whose victims included women and children, happened in two occasions. The first one happened on Sept. 6-13 killing about 30 civilians and the second happened on 25th September killing about 20 civilians.
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