A PROCLAMATION TO PROVIDE FOR PLANT BREEDER’S RIGHT
WHEREAS, the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia stipulates the right to ownership of private property and it is considered that plant breeder’s right to fall under this category; moreover it is important to protect the right holders to enable import of new varieties that benefit the community;
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to ensure the guarantee of Plant Breeder’s right by harmonizing it with international practice and thereby to boost the economic contribution of the sector;
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to establishment of transparent and accountable working system to resolve disputes arising among Breeders with respect to the protection of their research output
WHEREAS, it is found necessary and appropriate to maintain the centuries old customary knowledge and practice of saving, using and exchanging seed by farmers and pastoral communities of Ethiopia with their past, present and future roles in conserving the agro-bio diversity resources used to develop new plant varieties side by side promoting plant breeder’s right;
WHEREAS, it has become necessary to enact legal framework that facilitate registration of rights, restriction and responsibilities of Breeders to enhance the contribution;
NOW,THERFORE, in accordance of article 55(1) of the Constitution of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia, it is hereby proclaimed as follows.