Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute
The Ethiopian Environment and Forest Research Institute (EEFRI) is an autonomous federal research institute established with the following four main objectives (Regulation No. 327/2014):
Identify, import, adapt, utilize and generate technologies that significantly contribute to forest development and environmental protection focusing on the priorities of the country and demand of users.
Coordinate the environment and forest research activities carried out by environment and forest research centers or higher learning institutes and other related facilities conducting research on the basis of contract.
Build capacity and establish a system that enables the environment and forest research activities to be efficient, effective and development-oriented.
disseminate the environment and forest research outputs to users.
Organized forestry research in Ethiopia was started by the establishment of Forestry Research Center (FRC) and the then Wood Utilization Research Center (WUARC) in 1975 and 1979, respectively, under the Forestry and Wildlife Conservation Development Authority (FaWCDA). The centers were incorporated into the then Ministry of Natural Resources Development and Environmental Protection in 1992 and again transferred to the Ministry of Agriculture in 1995.
The Federal Government of Ethiopia reorganized the National Agricultural Research System and established the then Ethiopian Agricultural Research Organization (EARO) in 1997 by proclamation (Negarit Gazeta, 1997). As a result, FRC and WUARC were transferred to EARO as one research center (FRC), and one of the research sectors of EARO, which is now renamed as the Ethiopian Institute of Agricultural Research (EIAR).
Then, the Government of Ethiopia found it necessary to give due attention to activities of environmental protection, forest development, protection and utilization activities by linking forest research with environmental protection research at an institutional level for the attainment of the objectives of the Government which led to the establishment of the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.