Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs was established in 1957 by Legal Notice No. 15 as the “Ministry of Community Development” and nine years later. In 1966. It was reestablished by legal notice No. 46 as the “Ministry of Community Development and Social Affairs” and made to incorporate in to its mandate programmes pertaining to public life development, Social Security and labour affairs. Finally, in 1977 it was given its present name “ Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs” by Proclamation No. 127. Accordingly the Ministry has been coordinating the nation’s labour and Social Affairs and implementing Programmes thereof.
The mining sector has passed through different organizational structures. In 1977, it was established as the Ministry of Mines, Energy and Water Resources. Later in 1982, the Water Resource was separately structured as an independent Commission and the Ministry remained with the mining and energy sectors. However in 2002, the energy sector was divided into two and structured under the ministries of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Infrastructure while the mining sector was organized alone as a Ministry of Mines. After that, in 2005 the mining and energy sectors were re-organized as the Ministry of Mines and Energy. In 2010 the mining sector has established again as a Ministry of Mines with the following powers and duties:-
Promote the development of mining;
Ensure the proper collection, maintenance and accessibility to users of data on minerals;
Encourage mining investment through facilitating exploration and mining operations;
Regulate in cooperation with the concerned organs, the market for precious and ornamental minerals produced at the level of traditional and small – scale mining operations;
Organize, as may be necessary, research and training centers that may assist the enhancement of the development of mining;
Issue licenses to private investors engaged in exploration and mining operations, and ensure that they conduct mining operations and meet financial obligations in accordance with their concession agreements.
The Federal Democratic Government of Ethiopia is striving hard with a vision to make the country a middle income economy. In line with this approach and to enable public enterprises compete globally, the Ministry of Public Enterprises has been established by the proclamation to provide for the definition of powers and duties of executive organs of the Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia ( proclamation no.916/2015).
The Ministry oversees and assists public enterprises who are accountable to other governmental bodies by studying their strengths and weaknesses and by sharing international experiences. Regarding enterprises accountable to it, the Ministry will ensure that they have developed strategic and annual plan consistent with policies, strategies and economic goals of the government, approve plans and monitors their implementation. It also conducts the Privatization Program side by side.
Therefore, the powers and duties which were given to the Privatization and Public Enterprises Supervising Agency by Proclamation No.25/1992 and with respect to public enterprises and shares to be privatized, and the powers and duties given to the Privatization Board by Proclamation No. 412/2004 are given to the Ministry of Public Enterprises.