The mining sector has passed through different organizational structures. In 1977, it was established as the Ministry of Mines, Energy and Water Resources. Later in 1982, the Water Resource was separately structured as an independent Commission and the Ministry remained with the mining and energy sectors. However in 2002, the energy sector was divided into two and structured under the ministries of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development and Ministry of Infrastructure while the mining sector was organized alone as a Ministry of Mines. After that, in 2005 the mining and energy sectors were re-organized as the Ministry of Mines and Energy. In 2010 the mining sector has established again as a Ministry of Mines with the following powers and duties:-
Promote the development of mining;
Ensure the proper collection, maintenance and accessibility to users of data on minerals;
Encourage mining investment through facilitating exploration and mining operations;
Regulate in cooperation with the concerned organs, the market for precious and ornamental minerals produced at the level of traditional and small – scale mining operations;
Organize, as may be necessary, research and training centers that may assist the enhancement of the development of mining;
Issue licenses to private investors engaged in exploration and mining operations, and ensure that they conduct mining operations and meet financial obligations in accordance with their concession agreements.