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Proclamation no. 590-2008 Freedom of the Mass Media and Access to Information

[Article] 45. Penalties

1/ Anyone who has contravened the provisions of articles 7(1)-(3) shall be punished with a fine of not less than 20,000 birr and not exceeding 200,000 birr.

2/ Any publisher of a periodical or broadcaster who, in violation of article 6(2) ,failed to appoint a responsible editor, failed to comply with obligations set out under article9(6) or violates the obligations provided under article 10 shall be punished with a fine up to 15,000 birr

3/ Where an editor in chief or program editor has improperly failed to publish or broadcast a reply or correction sent to the mass media pursuant to article 40 of this Proclamation, shall be fined up to 15,000 birr.

4/ Any person who violates article 6(1) or article 8 may be fined up to 15,000 birr.

5/ If in an offence committed through a mass media the defendant is convicted, the court may ,up on request by the party ,issue an order for the verdict to be published in that mass media outlet.

6/ The court may issue an injunction forbidding further dissemination of mass media output in respect of which a conviction or order of impoundment has been issued.

  1. Statute of Limitation

1/ Subject to Article 28(1) of the Constitution, no criminal proceeding for an offence committed through a periodical may be instituted after the lapse of one year from the date when the offending matter was published.

2/. For broadcasters, the period in sub-article (1) shall be six months from the date when the program was broadcast.

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