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Proclamation No. 782-2013 seed proclamation
[Article] 26. Offences and Penalties
1/ Any person who:
a) supplies to the domestic market any seed not registered and quality controlled in accordance with this Proclamation, or which does not meet the applicable Ethiopian seed standards; or
b) gives anything of value to cause the commission of fraudulent act in the course of production, processing, marketing or quality control of seeds;
shall be guilty of an offence and be punishable with rigorous imprisonment from five to ten years and with a fine from Birr 50,000 to Birr 100,000.
2/ Any person who:
a) presents wrong seed sample for testing;
b) tampers with any sample taken under this Proclamation;
c) gives false information in making any application under this Proclamation;
d) fails to observe the labeling provisions under Article 14 of this Proclamation; or
e) alters, defaces, or removes any register, certificate label, or other official record created or issued under this Proclamation;
shall be guilty of an offence and be punishable with rigorous imprisonment from three to five years and with a fine from Birr 30,000 to Birr 50,000.
3/ Any person who:
a) refuses to cooperate with or obstructs the work of a seed inspector exercising his powers under this Proclamation: or
b) contravenes other provisions of this Proclamation;
shall be guilty of an offence and be punishable with imprisonment upto one year and with a fine from Birr 5,000 to Birr 10,000.
4/ Any official or personnel of the Ministry or a regional authority who in exchange for value or due to kinship or other personal relationship, causes the registration of a variety or the issuance of a certificate or import or export permit while the requirements provided under this Proclamation, or regulations or directives issued hereunder are not met shall be guilty of an offence and be punishable with rigorous imprisonment from ten to fifteen years and with a fine from Birr 20,000 to Birr 50,000.